01 Nov 2023
 | 01 Nov 2023
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Simulation of ozone-vegetation coupling and feedback in China using multiple ozone damage schemes

Jiachen Cao, Xu Yue, and Mingrui Ma

Abstract. As a phytotoxic pollutant, surface ozone (O3) not only affects plant physiology but also influences meteorological fields and air quality by altering leaf stomatal functions. Previous studies revealed strong feedbacks of O3-vegetation coupling in China but with large uncertainties due to the applications of varied O3 damage schemes and chemistry-vegetation models. In this study, we quantify the O3 vegetation damage and the consequent feedbacks to surface meteorology and air quality in China by coupling two O3 damage schemes (S2007 vs. L2013) into a fully coupled regional meteorology-chemistry model. With different schemes and damaging sensitivities, surface O3 is predicted to decrease summertime gross primary productivity by 5.5 %–21.4 % and transpiration by 5.4 %–23.2 % in China, in which the L2013 scheme yields 2.5–4 times of losses relative to the S2007 scheme. The damages to photosynthesis of sunlit leaves are ~2.6 times that of shaded leaves in the S2007 scheme but show limited differences in the L2013 scheme. Though with large discrepancies in offline responses, the two schemes yield similar magnitude of feedback to surface meteorology and O3 air quality. The O3-induced damage to transpiration increases national sensible heat by 3.2–6.0 W m-2 (8.9 % to 16.2 %) while reduces latent heat by 3.3–6.4 W m-2 (-5.6 % to -17.4 %), leading to a 0.2–0.51 °C increase in surface air temperature and a 2.2–3.9 % reduction in relative humidity. Meanwhile, surface O3 concentrations on average increase by 1.3–3.3 μg m-3 due to the inhibitions of stomatal uptake and the anomalous enhancement in isoprene emissions, the latter of which is attributed to the surface warming by O3-vegetaion coupling. Our results highlight the importance of O3 control in China due to its adverse effects on ecosystem functions, deterioration of global warming, and exacerbation of O3 pollution through the O3-vegetation coupling.

Jiachen Cao et al.

Status: open (until 13 Dec 2023)

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  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2149', Anonymous Referee #2, 10 Nov 2023 reply
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  • RC3: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2149', Anonymous Referee #1, 21 Nov 2023 reply

Jiachen Cao et al.


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Short summary
We implemented two widely-used ozone damage schemes into a same regional model. Although the two schemes yielded distinct ozone vegetation damages, they predicted similar feedbacks to surface air temperature and ozone air quality in China. Our results highlighted the significance of ozone pollution control given its detrimental impacts on ecosystem functions, contributions to global warming, and amplifications of ozone pollution through ozone-vegetation coupling.