12 May 2023
 | 12 May 2023
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

Ground-based Temperature and Humidity Profile Retrieval Using Infrared Hyperspectrum Based on Adaptive Fast Iterative Algorithm

Wei Huang, Lei Liu, Bin Yang, Shuai Hu, Wanying Yang, Zhenfeng Li, Wantong Li, and Xiaofan Yang

Abstract. Due to the complex radiative transfer process, the retrieval time of the physical retrieval algorithm is significantly increased compared with that of the statistical retrieval algorithm. The calculation of the Jacobian matrix is the most computationally intensive part of the physical retrieval algorithm. Further analysis showed that the changes in Jacobians had little effect on the performance of the physical retrieval algorithm. On the basis of the above findings, a fast physical-iterative retrieval algorithm was proposed by adaptively updating the Jacobian in keeping with the changes of the atmospheric state. The performance of the algorithm is evaluated using synthetic ground-based infrared spectra observations. The retrieval speed is significantly improved compared with the traditional physical retrieval algorithm under the condition that the parameters of the computing platform remain unchanged, with the average retrieval time reduced from 8.96 min to 3.69 min. The retrieval accuracy of the fast retrieval model is equivalent to that of the traditional algorithm, with maximum root-mean-square errors of less than 1.2 K and 1.0 g/kg for heights below 3 km for the temperature and water vapor mixing ratio (WVMR), respectively. The Jacobian updating strategy has a certain impact on the convergence of the retrieval algorithm, whose convergence rate is 98.7 %, which is lower than that of the traditional algorithm to some extent. However, reliable retrieval results can still be obtained by adjusting the convergence criteria.

Wei Huang et al.

Status: open (until 16 Jun 2023)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-637', Anonymous Referee #1, 31 May 2023 reply

Wei Huang et al.

Wei Huang et al.


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Short summary
In order to improve the retrieval speed of the optimal estimation method (named AERIoe), a fast retrieval algorithm named Fast AERIoe is proposed on the basis of the findings that the change of Jacobians during the retrieval process had little effect on the ability of AERIoe. The results of the experiment show that the accuracy of Fast AERIoe is consistent with AERIoe and the retrieval speed is significantly improved, with the average retrieval time reduced by more than 50 %.