Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-680
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-680
21 Mar 2024
 | 21 Mar 2024

Measurement report: Oxidation potential of water-soluble aerosol components in the southern and northern of Beijing

Wei Yuan, Ru-Jin Huang, Chao Luo, Lu Yang, Wenjuan Cao, Jie Guo, and Huinan Yang

Abstract. Water-soluble components have significant contribution to the oxidative potential (OP) of atmospheric fine particles, while our understanding of their relationship is still limited. In this study, the water-soluble OP levels in wintertime PM2.5 in the south and north of Beijing, representing the difference in sources, were measured with dithiothreitol (DTT) assay. The volume normalized DTT (DTTv) in the north (3.5 ± 1.2 nmol min-1 m-3) was comparable to that in the south (3.9 ± 0.9 nmol min-1 m-3), while the mass normalized DTT (DTTm) in the north (65.3 ± 27.6 pmol min-1 μg-3) was almost twice that in the south (36.1 ± 14.5 pmol min-1 μg-3). In both the south and north of Beijing, DTTv was better correlated with soluble elements instead of total elements. In the north, soluble elements (mainly Mn, Co, Ni, Zn, As, Cd and Pb) and water-soluble organic compounds, especially light-absorbing compounds (also known as brown carbon), had positive correlations with DTTv. However, in the south, the DTTv was mainly related to soluble As, Fe and Pb. The sources of DTTv were further resolved using the positive matrix factorization (PMF) model. Traffic-related emissions (39.1 %) and biomass burning (25.2 %) were the main sources of DTTv in the south, and traffic-related emissions (> 50 %) contributed the most of DTTv in the north. Our results indicate that vehicle emission was the important contributor to OP in Beijing ambient PM2.5 and suggest that more study is needed to understand the intrinsic relationship between OP and light absorbing organic compounds.

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Wei Yuan, Ru-Jin Huang, Chao Luo, Lu Yang, Wenjuan Cao, Jie Guo, and Huinan Yang

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-680', Anonymous Referee #2, 02 Apr 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-680', Anonymous Referee #1, 05 Apr 2024
  • AC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-680', Ru-Jin Huang, 09 May 2024
Wei Yuan, Ru-Jin Huang, Chao Luo, Lu Yang, Wenjuan Cao, Jie Guo, and Huinan Yang

Data sets

Measurement report: Oxidation potential of water-soluble aerosol components in the southern and northern of Beijing, Zenodo [data set] W. Yuan et al. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10791126

Wei Yuan, Ru-Jin Huang, Chao Luo, Lu Yang, Wenjuan Cao, Jie Guo, and Huinan Yang

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Short summary
We characterized water-soluble oxidative potential (OP) levels in wintertime PM2.5 in the south and north of Beijing. Our results show that the volume normalized DTT (DTTv) in the north was comparable to that in the south, while the mass normalized DTT (DTTm) in the north was almost twice that in the south. Traffic-related emissions and biomass burning were the main sources of DTTv in the south, and traffic-related emissions contributed the most of DTTv in the north.