Indicator-to-impact links to help improve agricultural drought preparedness in Thailand
Abstract. Droughts in Thailand are becoming more severe due to climate change. Developing a reliable Drought Monitoring and Early Warning System (DMEWS) is essential to strengthen a country’s resilience to droughts. However, for a DMEWS to be valuable, the drought indicators it provides stakeholders must have relevance to tangible impacts on the ground. Here, we analyse drought indicator-to-impact relationships in Thailand, using a combination of correlation analysis and machine learning techniques (random forest). In the correlation analysis, we study the link between meteorological drought indicators and high-resolution remote sensing vegetation indices used as proxies for crop-yield and forest-growth impacts. Our analysis shows that this link varies depending on land use, season, and region. The random forest models built to estimate regional crop productivity allow a more in-depth analysis of the crop-/region-specific importance of different drought indicators. The results highlight seasonal patterns of drought vulnerability for individual crops, usually linked to their growing season, although the effects are somewhat attenuated in irrigated regions. Integration of the approaches provides new detailed knowledge of crop-/region-specific indicator-to-impact links, which can form the basis of targeted mitigation actions in an improved DMEWS in Thailand, and could be applied in other parts of Southeast Asia and beyond.
Maliko Tanguy et al.
Status: open (until 12 Apr 2023)
- RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-308', Samuel Jonson Sutanto, 16 Mar 2023 reply
Maliko Tanguy et al.
Maliko Tanguy et al.
Viewed (geographical distribution)
Title: Indicator-to-impact links to help improve agricultural drought preparedness in Thailand
Authors: Tanguy et al.
Recommendation: minor revision
This paper correlates meteorological drought indices, represented by SPI and SPEI, and vegetation indices such as VCI, TCI, and VHI with forest growth and crop yield impacts. Two approaches were used in the analysis, which are the Pearson correlation and the Random Forest machine learning model. The authors found that the strength of correlations depends on land use, season, region, and drought duration. Crops are strongly impacted by drought in both wet and dry seasons. The impact of droughts, however, is less apparent for forest growth. The use of the Random Forest technique allows a more in-depth analysis of the importance of different drought and vegetation indicators. The authors also highlighted that the knowledge of linking specific indicators to the drought’s impact on crops will help to improve the DMEWS and perform mitigation actions.
This paper analyzes the use of different drought and vegetation indicators to link these indices with the impact of drought on crop yields and forest growth. The manuscript is interesting and well written. I have a few minor comments below and two general comments, but only for clarification. I believe this work is well suited for NHESS.
I have two general comments regarding the manuscript but all of them are only for clarification and improvement of the manuscript.
Line by line comments
L refers to line and P refers to page.
P1L19: Maybe re-write “…it provides stakeholders…” as “…provided to stakeholders…”?
P2L33: The authors may add a study on extreme high and low flow events in Southeast Asia including Thailand due to climate change (Hariadi et al., 2023).
P2L46: Full stop after the ICID reference.
P2L53: “has” -> “have”
P3L75: Double reference from Stahl et al., 2016.
P3L76: Better to place the EDII and DIR references here. EDII: Stahl et al., 2016 and DIR: Smith et al., 2014?
P4L109: I suggest to mention again the gap (instead of “that” gap) here since it is a new paragraph.
P5L144: Suggestion to rephrase the sentence: “….of Thailand. Although it has suffered….decades, there has been some…”
P8: Figure 2. Here the authors clearly indicated that the RF model can be used to predict the crop yield (my general comment 1). This is one thing that I miss from the result.
P9L8: Please elaborate more how the authors did “detrended”. The authors only said using a simple linear regression.
P10L217: “…both “indices” in our…….
P14L291: I am wondering, it is VI or VCI?
P14L294-296: Maybe elaborate more about the meaning of positive and negative correlations between VCI and meteo indicators. Also, the authors stated that short droughts are beneficial for forest growth. In my opinion, drought is never beneficial for any ecosystem. I suggest to rephrase the word beneficial.
P14L287: The authors can consider to re-write “…the accumulation period best correlated is…” as “…the best correlated accumulation period is…”
P14L298: Here and also in the discussion, the authors conclude that forest is more resistant to short droughts. I believe that this strongly relates to the ability of forest to subtract water from deeper layers, e.g. groundwater. Discuss this.
P18L343-346: How to see the SPI24 from Figure 9 and to see 11 SPEI, 10 VCI, and 6 TCI from Figure 11? See my general comment 2.
P22L397: The authors stated that SPI is more important than SPEI. I am wondering whether the low precipitation in the N region has something to do with the result.
P22L410-411: You may discuss the difference in water consumption by each crop.
P23L437: Rephrase “though this effect is highly variety specific:
P24L453-455: Make two sentences.
P24L459: “…seasons, which suggests… -> “…seasons, suggest…”
P24L468-470: Explain this already in the beginning, thus the readers will not be confused.
P25L498: Here, the authors can link the short drought events with the limitation of using data-driven model, such as machine learning.
P25L505-506: Rephrase “Though powerful tools to produce predictive models from data”
Hariadi et al. (2023). A high-resolution perspective of extreme rainfall and river flow under extreme climate change in Southeast Asia, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2023-14.
Smith et al. (2014). Local observers fill in the details on drought impact reporter maps, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477-95.11.1659.