Various lithospheric deformation patterns derived from rheological contrasts between continental terranes: Insights from 2-D numerical simulations
Abstract. Continents are formed by the amalgamation of numerous micro-terranes and island arcs, so they have spatially varying lithosphere strengths. The Crème brȗlée (CB) model and the Jelly sandwich (JS) model have been commonly used to describe continental lithosphere strength-depth variations. Depending on the strength of continental lower crust, the CB and JS models can be further subdivided into two subclasses, in which the I subclass (CB-I and JS-I) and II subclass (CB-II and JS-II) respectively have a strong or weak lower crust. During continental collision, lithosphere deformation is the byproduct of the comprehensive interaction of multiple terranes. Here we used 2-D thermo-mechanical numerical models that contain three continental terranes to systematically explore the effects of terranes with various strengths on continental deformation, and studied the effects of different rheological assumptions terrane deformation. We find four types of lithosphere deformation patterns: collision, subduction, thickening and delamination, and replacement. Lithosphere structures, especially local pre-existing weaknesses, also have nonnegligible influences on lithosphere deformation. These simulation patterns are seen in observed deformation patterns and structures in East Asia, suggesting they are likely to be naturally occurring modes of intracontinental orogenesis.
Status: final response (author comments only)
- RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2736', Anonymous Referee #1, 14 Dec 2023
- RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2736', Anonymous Referee #2, 06 Jan 2024
Various lithospheric deformation patterns derived from rheological contrasts between continental terranes: Insights from 2-D numerical simulations https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8354366
Viewed (geographical distribution)