Intra-scenario variability of trends and controls of near-bed oxygen concentration on the Northwest European Continental Shelf under climate change
Abstract. We present an analysis of the evolution of near-bed oxygen in the next century in the Northwest European Continental Shelf in a three-member ensemble of coupled physics-biogeochemistry models. The comparison between model results helps highlighting the biogeochemical mechanisms responsible for the observed deoxygenation trends and their response to climate drivers.
While all models predict a decrease in near bed oxygen proportional to climate change intensity, the response is spatially heterogeneous, with hotspots of oxygen decline in the members with the most intense change, as well as areas where compensating mechanisms mitigate change.
We separate the components of oxygen change associated to the warming effect on oxygen solubility from those due to the effects of changes in transport and ecosystem processes. We find that while warming is responsible for a mostly uniform decline throughout the shelf, changes in transport and ecosystem processes account for the detected heterogeneity.
Hotspots of deoxygenation are associated with enhanced stratification that greatly reduces vertical transport. A major change in circulation in the North Sea is responsible for the onset of one such hotspot in the members characterised by intense climate change.
Conversely, relatively shallow and well mixed coastal areas in the south experience an increase in net primary production that partially mitigates oxygen decline in all members.
This work represents the first multi-model comparison addressing deoxygenation in the Northwest European Shelf and contributes to the understanding of the processes that drive deoxygenation in continental shelf ecosystems.
Status: final response (author comments only)
RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-1049', Anonymous Referee #1, 12 Jun 2023
- AC1: 'Reply on RC1', giovanni galli, 28 Jul 2023
RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-1049', Anonymous Referee #2, 20 Jun 2023
- AC2: 'Reply on RC2', giovanni galli, 28 Jul 2023
RC3: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-1049', Anonymous Referee #3, 03 Jul 2023
- AC3: 'Reply on RC3', giovanni galli, 28 Jul 2023
Viewed (geographical distribution)