16 Nov 2022
 | 16 Nov 2022

Changes in global teleconnection patterns under global warming and stratospheric aerosol intervention scenarios

Abolfazl Rezaei, Khalil Karami, Simone Tilmes, and John C. Moore

Abstract. We investigate the potential impact of Stratospheric Aerosol Intervention (SAI) on the spatiotemporal behavior of large-scale climate teleconnection patterns represented by the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) indices using simulations from the Community Earth System Models (CESM1 and CESM2). The leading Empirical Orthogonal Function of sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies indicates that greenhouse gas forcing is accompanied by increases in variance across both the North Atlantic (i.e., AMO) and North Pacific (i.e., PDO) and a decrease over the tropical Pacific (i.e., ENSO); however, SAI effectively reverses these global warming-imposed changes. The projected spatial patterns of SST anomaly related to ENSO show no significant change under either global warming or SAI. In contrast, the spatial anomaly patterns pertaining to AMO (i.e., in the North Atlantic) and PDO (i.e., in the North Pacific) changes under global warming are effectively suppressed by SAI. For AMO, the low contrast between the cold-tongue pattern and its surroundings in the North Atlantic, predicted under global warming, is restored under SAI scenarios to similar patterns as in the historical period. The frequencies of El Niño and La Niña episodes increase with greenhouse gas emissions in the models, while SAI tends to compensate for them. All climate indices’ dominant modes of inter-annual variability are projected to be preserved in both warming and SAI scenarios. However, the dominant decadal and interdecadal variability mode changes induced by global warming are exacerbated by SAI, particularly in the Atlantic-based AMO.

Abolfazl Rezaei et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-974', Anonymous Referee #1, 08 Dec 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Abolfazl Rezaei, 17 Dec 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-974', Anonymous Referee #2, 14 Dec 2022

Abolfazl Rezaei et al.

Abolfazl Rezaei et al.


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Short summary
Teleconnections are important characteristics of the climate system, well-known examples include the El Niño and La Niña events driven from the tropical Pacific. We examined how patterns that arise in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans behave under stratospheric aerosol geoengineering and greenhouse gas-induced warming. In general, geoengineering reverses trends, however in the Atlantic, the multidecadal oscillations that are shifted to higher frequencies by greenhouse gas are further strengthened.