08 Jul 2022
08 Jul 2022
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Emulating Aerosol Optics with Randomly Generated Neural Networks

Andrew Geiss1, Po-Lun Ma1, Balwinder Singh1, and Joseph C. Hardin1,2 Andrew Geiss et al.
  • 1Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, USA
  • 2ClimateAI Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA

Abstract. Atmospheric aerosols have a substantial impact on climate and remain one of the largest sources of uncertainty in climate forecasts. Accurate representation of their direct radiative effects is a crucial component of modern climate models. Direct computation of the radiative properties of aerosols is far too computationally expensive to perform in a climate model however, so optical properties are typically approximated using a parameterization. This work develops artificial neural networks (ANNs) capable of replacing the current aerosol optics parameterization used in the Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM). A large training dataset is generated by using Mie code to directly compute the optical properties of a range of atmospheric aerosol populations given a large variety of particle sizes, wavelengths, and refractive indices. Optimal neural architectures for shortwave and longwave bands are identified by evaluating ANNs with randomly generated wirings. Randomly generated deep ANNs are able to outperform conventional multi-layer perceptron style architectures with comparable parameter counts. Finally, the ANN-based parameterization is found to dramatically outperform the current parameterization. The success of this approach makes possible the future inclusion of much more sophisticated representations of aerosol optics in climate models that cannot be captured through simple expansion of the existing parameterization scheme.

Andrew Geiss et al.

Status: open (until 02 Sep 2022)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-559', Anonymous Referee #1, 15 Jul 2022 reply
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-559', Anonymous Referee #2, 10 Aug 2022 reply

Andrew Geiss et al.

Data sets

Aerosol Optics ML Datasets Andrew Geiss

Model code and software

Aerosol Optics ML Code Andrew Geiss

Andrew Geiss et al.


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Short summary
Atmospheric aerosols play a critical role in Earth's climate, but it is too computationally expensive to directly model their interaction with radiation. This work develops a new neural network based parameterization of aerosol optical properties for use in the Energy Exascale Earth System model that is much more accurate than the current one, and introduces a unique model optimization method that involves randomly generating neural network architectures.