08 Apr 2024
 | 08 Apr 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Using a convection-permitting climate model to predict wine grape productivity: two case studies in Italy

Laura Teresa Massano, Giorgia Fosser, Marco Gaetani, and Cécile Caillaud

Abstract. Viticulture is tied to climate, it influences the suitability of an area, yield and quality of wine grapes. Therefore, traditional wine-growing regions could be threatened by a changing climate. Italy is at-risk being part of the Mediterranean climatic hotspot and judged in 2022 the second-largest exporter of wine worldwide. The article explores the potential of climate models to predict wine grape productivity at local scale. To this end, both single and multi-regression approaches are used to link productivity data provided by two Italian wine consortia with bioclimatic indices. Temperature and precipitation-based bioclimatic indices are computed by using the observational dataset E-OBS, the high-resolution climate reanalysis product SPHERA, and both the Regional and the Convection-permitting Climate Model (RCM and CPM). The potential of CPMs to represent the impact of climate variability on wine grape productivity at local scale in Italy is evaluated. The results indicate high correlations between some bioclimatic indices and productivity. Climate models appear to be a useful tool to explain productivity variance, however, the added value of CPM, became evident only when precipitation-based indices are considered. This assessment opens the path for using climate models, especially at convection-permitting scale, to investigate future climate change impact on wine production.

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Laura Teresa Massano, Giorgia Fosser, Marco Gaetani, and Cécile Caillaud

Status: open (until 15 Jun 2024)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-941', Anonymous Referee #1, 21 Apr 2024 reply
Laura Teresa Massano, Giorgia Fosser, Marco Gaetani, and Cécile Caillaud
Laura Teresa Massano, Giorgia Fosser, Marco Gaetani, and Cécile Caillaud


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Short summary
Traditional wine-growing regions are threatened by expected climate change. Climate models and observations are used to calculate bioclimatic indices based both on temperature and precipitation. These indices are correlated to grape productivity in two wine-growing regions in Italy. This analysis paves the way for using climate models to study how climate change affects wine production in the future.