Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-800
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-800
02 Apr 2024
 | 02 Apr 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

An improved Trajectory-mapped Ozonesonde dataset for the Stratosphere and Troposphere (TOST): update, validation and applications

Zhou Zang, Jane Liu, David Tarasick, Omid Moeini, Jianchun Bian, Jinqiang Zhang, Anne M. Thompson, Roeland Van Malderen, Herman G. J. Smit, Ryan M. Stauffer, Bryan J. Johnson, and Debra E. Kollonige

Abstract. A global-scale horizontally- and vertically-resolved ozone climatology can provide a detailed assessment of ozone variability. Here, the Trajectory-mapped Ozonesonde dataset for the Stratosphere and Troposphere (TOST) ozone climatology is improved and updated to the recent decade (1970s–2010s) on a grid of 5° × 5° × 1 km (latitude, longitude, and altitude) from the surface to 26 km altitude, with the most recent ozonesonde data re-evaluated following the ASOPOS-2 guidelines (GAW Report No. 268, 2021). Comparison between independent ozonesonde and trajectory-derived ozone shows good agreement in each decade, altitude, and station, with relative differences (RD) of 2–4 % in the troposphere and 0.5 % in the stratosphere. Comparisons of TOST with aircraft and two satellite datasets, the Satellite Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE) and the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS), show comparable overall agreement. The updated TOST outperforms the previous version with higher data coverage in all latitude bands and altitudes and 14–17 % lower RD compared to independent ozonesondes, employing twice as many ozonesonde profiles and an updated trajectory simulation model. Higher uncertainties in TOST are where data are sparse, i.e., over the southern high latitudes and the tropics, and before the 1980s, and where variability is high, i.e., at the surface and upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS). Caution should therefore be taken when using TOST in these spaces and times. TOST captures global ozone distributions and temporal variations, showing an overall insignificant change of stratospheric ozone after 1998. TOST offers users a long record, global coverage, and high vertical resolution.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
Zhou Zang, Jane Liu, David Tarasick, Omid Moeini, Jianchun Bian, Jinqiang Zhang, Anne M. Thompson, Roeland Van Malderen, Herman G. J. Smit, Ryan M. Stauffer, Bryan J. Johnson, and Debra E. Kollonige

Status: open (extended)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-800', Anonymous Referee #1, 03 May 2024 reply
  • CC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-800', Owen Cooper, 23 May 2024 reply
Zhou Zang, Jane Liu, David Tarasick, Omid Moeini, Jianchun Bian, Jinqiang Zhang, Anne M. Thompson, Roeland Van Malderen, Herman G. J. Smit, Ryan M. Stauffer, Bryan J. Johnson, and Debra E. Kollonige
Zhou Zang, Jane Liu, David Tarasick, Omid Moeini, Jianchun Bian, Jinqiang Zhang, Anne M. Thompson, Roeland Van Malderen, Herman G. J. Smit, Ryan M. Stauffer, Bryan J. Johnson, and Debra E. Kollonige

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Short summary
The Trajectory-mapped Ozonesonde dataset for the Stratosphere and Troposphere (TOST) provides a global-scale, long-term ozone climatology that is horizontally- and vertically-resolved. In this study, we improved, updated, and validated the TOST from 1970 to 2021. Based on this TOST dataset, we characterized global ozone variations spatially in both the troposphere and stratosphere and temporally by season and decade. We also showed a stagnant stratospheric ozone variation since the late 1990s.