Preprints
https://doi.org/10.22541/essoar.169903618.82717612/v2
https://doi.org/10.22541/essoar.169903618.82717612/v2
25 Mar 2024
 | 25 Mar 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Evaluating CHASER V4.0 global formaldehyde (HCHO) simulations using satellite, aircraft, and ground-based remote sensing observations

Hossain Mohammed Syedul Hoque, Kengo Sudo, Hitoshi Irie, Yanfeng He, and Md Firoz Khan

Abstract. Formaldehyde (HCHO), a precursor to tropospheric ozone, is an important tracer of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the atmosphere. Two years of HCHO simulations obtained from the global chemistry transport model CHASER at a horizontal resolution of 2.8° × 2.8° have been evaluated using observations from the Tropospheric Ozone Monitoring Experiment (TROPOMI), Atmospheric Tomography Mission (ATom), and multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) observations. CHASER reproduced the observed global HCHO spatial distribution with a spatial correlation (r) of 0.93 and a negative bias of 7 %. The model showed good capability for reproducing the observed magnitude of the HCHO seasonality in different regions, including the background conditions. The discrepancies between the model and satellite in the Asian regions were related mainly to the underestimated and missing anthropogenic emission inventories. TROPOMI's finer spatial resolution than that of the Ozone Monitoring Experiment (OMI) sensor reduced the global model–satellite root-mean-square-error (RMSE) by 20 %. The OMI and TROPOMI observed seasonal variations in HCHO abundances were consistent. However, the simulated seasonality showed better agreement with TROPOMI in most regions. The simulated HCHO and isoprene profiles correlated strongly (R = 0.81) with the ATom observations. CHASER overestimated HCHO mixing ratios over dense vegetation areas in South America and the remote Pacific (background condition) regions, mainly within the planetary boundary layer (< 2 km). The simulated temporal (daily and diurnal) variations in the HCHO mixing ratio showed good congruence with the MAX-DOAS observations and agreed within the 1-sigma standard deviation of the observed values.

Hossain Mohammed Syedul Hoque, Kengo Sudo, Hitoshi Irie, Yanfeng He, and Md Firoz Khan

Status: open (until 20 May 2024)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CEC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-734', Juan Antonio Añel, 28 Mar 2024 reply
    • AC1: 'Reply on CEC1', H.M.S. Hoque, 29 Mar 2024 reply
Hossain Mohammed Syedul Hoque, Kengo Sudo, Hitoshi Irie, Yanfeng He, and Md Firoz Khan
Hossain Mohammed Syedul Hoque, Kengo Sudo, Hitoshi Irie, Yanfeng He, and Md Firoz Khan

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Short summary
Using multi-platform observations, we validated global formaldehyde (HCHO) simulations from a chemistry transport model. HCHO is a crucial intermediate of the chemical catalytic cycle that governs the ozone formation in the troposphere. The model was capable of replicating the observed spatiotemporal variability in HCHO. In a few cases, the model capability was limited. This is attributed to the uncertainties in the observations and the model parameters.