Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-584
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-584
04 Apr 2024
 | 04 Apr 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Aerosol Size Distribution Properties Associated with Cold-Air Outbreaks in the Norwegian Arctic

Abigail S. Williams, Jeramy L. Dedrick, Lynn M. Russell, Florian Tornow, Israel Silber, Ann M. Fridlind, Benjamin Swanson, Paul J. DeMott, Paul Zieger, and Radovan Krejci

Abstract. The aerosol particles that provide cloud condensation and ice nuclei contribute to key cloud processes associated with cold-air outbreak (CAO) events but are poorly constrained in climate models due to sparse observations. Here we retrieve aerosol size distribution modes from measurements at Andenes, Norway during the Cold-Air Outbreaks in the Marine Boundary Layer Experiment (COMBLE) and at Zeppelin Observatory, approximately 1000 km upwind in Svalbard. During CAO events at Andenes, the sea spray mode number concentration is correlated to strong over-ocean winds with a mean of 8±4 cm-3 that is 71 % higher than during non-CAO conditions. Additionally during CAO events at Andenes, the mean Hoppel minimum diameter is 6 nm smaller than during non-CAO conditions though the estimated supersaturation is lower and the number concentration of particles that likely activated in-cloud is 109±61 cm-3 (similar to non-CAO conditions). For CAO trajectories between Zeppelin Observatory and Andenes, the upwind-to-downwind change in number concentration is largest for the accumulation mode with a mean decrease of 93±95 cm-3, likely attributable primarily to precipitation scavenging. These characteristic properties of aerosol size distributions during CAO events provide guidance for evaluating CAO aerosol-cloud interaction processes in models.

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Abigail S. Williams, Jeramy L. Dedrick, Lynn M. Russell, Florian Tornow, Israel Silber, Ann M. Fridlind, Benjamin Swanson, Paul J. DeMott, Paul Zieger, and Radovan Krejci

Status: open (until 29 May 2024)

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Abigail S. Williams, Jeramy L. Dedrick, Lynn M. Russell, Florian Tornow, Israel Silber, Ann M. Fridlind, Benjamin Swanson, Paul J. DeMott, Paul Zieger, and Radovan Krejci
Abigail S. Williams, Jeramy L. Dedrick, Lynn M. Russell, Florian Tornow, Israel Silber, Ann M. Fridlind, Benjamin Swanson, Paul J. DeMott, Paul Zieger, and Radovan Krejci

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Short summary
The measured aerosol size distribution modes reveal distinct properties characteristic of cold-air outbreaks in the Norwegian Arctic. We find higher sea spray number concentration, smaller Hoppel minima, lower effective supersaturations, and accumulation mode particle scavenging during cold-air outbreaks. These results advance our understanding of cold-air outbreak aerosol-cloud interactions in order to improve their accurate representation in models.