Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-575
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-575
08 Mar 2024
 | 08 Mar 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

The variations of VOCs based on the policy change of Omicron in polluted winter in traffic-hub city, China

Bowen Zhang, Dong Zhang, Zhe Dong, Xinshuai Song, Ruiqin Zhang, and Xiao Li

Abstract. Online volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were continuous monitored before and after the Omicron policy change at an urban site in polluted Zhengzhou from December 1, 2022, to January 31, 2023. The characteristics and sources of VOCs were explored. The daily average concentration of PM2.5 and total VOCs (TVOCs) ranged from 54 to 239 µg/m3 and from 15.6 to 57.1 ppbv with an average value of 112 ± 45 µg/m3 and 36.1 ± 21.0 ppbv, respectively during the entire period. The values of PM2.5 and TVOCs in Case 3 (pollution episode after the abolishment of “Nucleic Acid Screening Measures for all staff” policy) were 1.3 and 1.8 times of the values in the Case 1 (pollution episode during “Nucleic Acid Screening Measures for all staff” policy). The concentration of TVOCs in Case 1 and Case 3 were 48.4 ± 20.4 and 67.6 ± 19.6 ppbv, respectively, increased by 63 % and 188 % compared with values during clean days. Alkanes were found to be the most abundant compounds during the entire period. Equivalent volume contribution of halogenated hydrocarbon and oxygenated VOCs (15 %) were found the most in Case 3, followed by alkenes (10 %). Though the volume contributions of aromatics were the lowest (6 % in Case 1 and 7 % in Case 3), the highest increasing ratio was found from clean days to polluted episodes. Positive Matrix Factor model results showed that the main source of VOCs during the observation period was industrial emissions, which accounted for 30 % of the TVOCs, followed by vehicular emission (24 %) and combustion (23 %). The vehicular emission became the largest source during Case 1 (40 %) and Case 3 (29 %), consisting of large numbers of people going out after the blockade. Secondary organic aerosol formation potential (SOAFP) values were 37 and 109 µg/m3, respectively with the highest SOAFP contribution (17–19 μg/m3 and 31–51 %) from vehicular emission both in Case 1 and Case 3. Solvent usage sources had the second highest SOAFP value (9 and 16 μg/m3) with the contributions of 23 and 31 % in Case 1 and Case 3 respectively. The control of vehicular emission, and solvent usage should be focused in Zhengzhou, and combustion was also important for the control of PM2.5 pollution in winter.

Bowen Zhang, Dong Zhang, Zhe Dong, Xinshuai Song, Ruiqin Zhang, and Xiao Li

Status: open (until 19 Apr 2024)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-575', Jingz Gao, 10 Mar 2024 reply
  • CC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-575', Jingz Gao, 10 Mar 2024 reply
  • CC3: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-575', Fengyi Wu, 11 Mar 2024 reply
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-575', Anonymous Referee #1, 28 Mar 2024 reply
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-575', Anonymous Referee #2, 06 Apr 2024 reply
  • RC3: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-575', Anonymous Referee #3, 06 Apr 2024 reply
Bowen Zhang, Dong Zhang, Zhe Dong, Xinshuai Song, Ruiqin Zhang, and Xiao Li
Bowen Zhang, Dong Zhang, Zhe Dong, Xinshuai Song, Ruiqin Zhang, and Xiao Li

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Short summary
Continuous online VOCs monitoring was carried out at an urban site in a traffic-hub city for two months during the Omicron-infected stage. The characteristics and variations of VOCs in different periods were studied, and their impact on the formation of SOA were evaluated. The work in this manuscript evaluated the influence of the policy variation on VOCs pollution, which will provide some basis for VOCs pollution research and control of pollution sources.