Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-1838
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-1838
04 Jul 2024
 | 04 Jul 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Calibrated sea level contribution from the Amundsen Sea sector, West Antarctica, under RCP8.5 and Paris 2C scenarios

Sebastian H. R. Rosier, G. Hilmar Gudmundsson, Adrian Jenkins, and Kaitlin A. Naughten

Abstract. The Amundsen Sea region in Antarctica is a critical area for understanding future sea level rise due to its rapidly changing ice dynamics and significant contributions to global ice mass loss. Projections of sea level rise from this region are essential for anticipating the impacts on coastal communities and for developing adaptive strategies in response to climate change. Despite this region being the focus of intensive research over recent years, dynamic ice loss from West Antarctica and in particular the glaciers of the Amundsen Sea represent a major source of uncertainty for global sea level rise projections. In this study, we use ice sheet model simulations to make sea level rise projections to the year 2100 and quantify the associated uncertainty. The model is forced by climate and ocean model simulations for the RCP8.5 and Paris2C scenarios, and is carefully calibrated using measurements from the observational period. We find very similar sea level rise contributions of 19.0 ± 2.2 mm and 18.9 ± 2.7 mm by 2100 for Paris2C and RCP8.5 scenarios, respectively. A subset of these simulations, extended to 2250, show an increase in the rate of sea level rise contribution and clearer differences between the two scenarios emerge as a result of differences in snow accumulation. Our model simulations include both a cliff-height and hydrofracture driven calving processes and yet we find no evidence of the onset of rapid retreat that might be indicative of a tipping point in any simulations within our modelled timeframe.

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Sebastian H. R. Rosier, G. Hilmar Gudmundsson, Adrian Jenkins, and Kaitlin A. Naughten

Status: open (until 17 Aug 2024)

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Sebastian H. R. Rosier, G. Hilmar Gudmundsson, Adrian Jenkins, and Kaitlin A. Naughten
Sebastian H. R. Rosier, G. Hilmar Gudmundsson, Adrian Jenkins, and Kaitlin A. Naughten

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Short summary
Glaciers in the Amundsen Sea region of Antarctica have been retreating and losing mass, but their future contribution to global sea level rise remains highly uncertain. We use an ice sheet model and uncertainty quantification methods to evaluate the probable range of mass loss from this region for two future climate scenarios and find that the rate of ice loss until 2100 will likely remain similar to present-day observations, with little sensitivity to climate scenario over this short timeframe.