Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-1812
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-1812
24 Jun 2024
 | 24 Jun 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Weather and Climate Dynamics (WCD).

The role of the Indian Ocean Dipole in modulating the Austral Spring ENSO teleconnection into the Southern Hemisphere

Luciano Gustavo Andrian, Marisol Osman, and Carolina Susana Vera

Abstract. The combined influence of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) on the extratropical circulation in the Southern Hemisphere (SH) during austral spring is examined. Reanalyses and the large ensemble of CFSv2 model outputs, were used to compute composites and linear regressions for relevant variables. The results show that positive IOD can reinforce the El Niño-induced circulation by merging the Indian Ocean wave train with the PSA-like pattern over the Pacific Ocean. In addition, the results obtained with the CFSv2 model output shows that strong positive IODs can contribute to enhancing the circulation signal of the El Niño anomalies and the Indian Ocean wave train. On the other hand, negative IODs in combination with La Niña do not have that combined circulation response. While there is a moderate intensification of the circulation anomalies associated with La Niña, accompanied by some changes in the location of their main action centers, results vary considerably between linear regression, the observed and model composites. Regarding the influence of the IOD activity (independent of ENSO), reanalysis-based results show that the IOD positive phase has a significant impact over the entire SH, while the negative phase is associated with weaker anomalies and a large inter-event variability.

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Luciano Gustavo Andrian, Marisol Osman, and Carolina Susana Vera

Status: open (until 05 Aug 2024)

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  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-1812', Anonymous Referee #1, 16 Jul 2024 reply
Luciano Gustavo Andrian, Marisol Osman, and Carolina Susana Vera
Luciano Gustavo Andrian, Marisol Osman, and Carolina Susana Vera

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Short summary
The interplay between El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) is well-researched in the tropical Indian Ocean, but their effects on the Southern Hemisphere's extratropical regions during spring are less studied. Our results show that the positive phase of the IOD can strengthen the El Niño circulation anomalies, heightening its continental impacts. On the other hand, negative IOD combined with La Niña shows less consistent changes among the different methodologies.