05 Jun 2024
 | 05 Jun 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Reconstruction and forecasting of slow-moving landslide displacement using a Kalman Filter approach

Mohit Mishra, Gildas Besançon, Guillaume Chambon, and Laurent Baillet

Abstract.  This work presents an approach for reconstructing displacement patterns and unknown soil properties of slowmoving landslides, using a special form of so-called Kalman filter or observer. The approach relies on a model for the prediction step, with online correction based on available measurements. The observer proposed here relies on a simplified viscoplastic sliding model consisting of a rigid block sliding on an inclined surface. Landslide (slide block) motion is controlled by a balance between gravity and sliding resistance provided by friction, basal pore fluid pressure, cohesion, and viscosity. In order to improve the observer performance upon abrupt changes in parameters, a resetting method is proposed. A novel tuning method, based on a combination of synthetic and actual test cases, is introduced to overcome the sensitivity to observer coefficients. Known parameter values (landslide geometrical parameters and known material properties) as well as water-table height time series are provided as inputs. The observer then reconstructs landslide displacement and the evolution of unknown parameters over time. The case of Super-Sauze landslide (French Alps), with data taken from the literature, is used to illustrate the potential of the approach. Finally, the observer is extended to forecast displacement patterns over different temporal horizons assuming that future water-table height variations are known. 

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Mohit Mishra, Gildas Besançon, Guillaume Chambon, and Laurent Baillet

Status: open (until 17 Jul 2024)

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Mohit Mishra, Gildas Besançon, Guillaume Chambon, and Laurent Baillet
Mohit Mishra, Gildas Besançon, Guillaume Chambon, and Laurent Baillet


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Short summary
This work was initiated in the context of a large interdisciplinary research project about Risk at Grenoble University, France. It relates to the challenging topic of landslide monitoring, and combines geotechnical sciences with techniques from control system engineering. Considering a specific modelling approach, the study provides a methodology towards estimation of some landslide parameters and their use in motion prediction. This could then be extended to the design of alert systems.