Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-1116
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-1116
17 Apr 2024
 | 17 Apr 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Formation of Reactive Nitrogen Species Promoted by Iron Ions Through the Photochemistry of Neonicotinoid Insecticide

Zhu Ran, Yanan Hu, Yuanzhe Li, Xiaoya Gao, Can Ye, Shuai Li, Xiao Lu, Yongming Luo, Sasho Gligorovski, and Jiangping Liu

Abstract. Nitrous acid (HONO) and nitrogen oxides (NOx = NO + NO2) are important atmospheric pollutants and key intermediates in the global nitrogen cycle, but their sources and formation mechanisms are still poorly understood. Here, we investigated the effect of soluble iron (Fe3+) on the photochemical behavior of a widely used neonicotinoid (NN) insecticide, nitenpyram (NPM), in the aqueous phase. The yields of HONO and NOx increased significantly when NPM solution was irradiated in the presence of iron ions (Fe3+). We propose that the enhanced HONO and NO2 emissions from the photodegradation of NPM in the presence of iron ions result from the redox cycle between Fe3+ and Fe2+ and the generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) by the electron transfer between the excited triplet state of NPM and the molecular oxygen (O2). Using the laboratory-derived parametrization based on kinetic data and gridded downward solar radiation, we estimate that the photochemistry of NPM induced by Fe3+ releases 0.50 and 0.77 Tg N year-1 of NOx and HONO to the atmosphere, respectively.

This study suggests a novel source of HONO and NOx during daytime and potentially helps to narrow the gap between the field observations and model outcomes of HONO in the atmosphere. The suggested photochemistry of NPM can be an important contribution to the global nitrogen cycle affecting the atmospheric oxidizing capacity as well as the climate change.

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Zhu Ran, Yanan Hu, Yuanzhe Li, Xiaoya Gao, Can Ye, Shuai Li, Xiao Lu, Yongming Luo, Sasho Gligorovski, and Jiangping Liu

Status: open (until 29 May 2024)

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  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-1116', Anonymous Referee #1, 13 May 2024 reply
Zhu Ran, Yanan Hu, Yuanzhe Li, Xiaoya Gao, Can Ye, Shuai Li, Xiao Lu, Yongming Luo, Sasho Gligorovski, and Jiangping Liu
Zhu Ran, Yanan Hu, Yuanzhe Li, Xiaoya Gao, Can Ye, Shuai Li, Xiao Lu, Yongming Luo, Sasho Gligorovski, and Jiangping Liu

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Short summary
We report eruptive production of nitrous acid (HONO) and NOx (NO + NO2) triggered by iron ions during the photolysis of neonicotinoid insecticide in the air-water interface. This novel previously overlooked source of atmospheric HONO and NOx, may be an important contribution to the global nitrogen cycle and affects the atmospheric oxidizing capacity as well as the climate change.