Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-3075
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-3075
20 Feb 2024
 | 20 Feb 2024

The key role of atmospheric absorption in the Asian Summer Monsoon response to dust emissions in CMIP6 models

Alcide Zhao, Laura Wilcox, and Claire Ryder

Abstract. We investigate the Asian Summer Monsoon (ASM) response to global dust emissions in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) models, which is the first CMIP to include an experiment with a doubling of global dust emissions relative to their preindustrial levels. Thus, for the first time, the inbuilt influence of dust on climate across a range of climate models being used to evaluate and predict Earth’s climate can be quantified. We find that dust emissions cause a strong atmospheric heating over Asia that leads to a pronounced hemispheric energy imbalance. This results in a surface cooling over Asia, an enhanced Indian Sumer Monsoon and a southward shift of the Western Pacific Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) which are consistent across models. However, the East Asian Summer Monsoon response shows large uncertainties across models, arising from the diversity in models’ simulated dust emissions, and in the dynamical response to these changes. Our results demonstrate the central role of dust absorption in influencing the ASM, and the importance of accurate dust simulations for constraining the ASM and the ITCZ in climate models.

Alcide Zhao, Laura Wilcox, and Claire Ryder

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-3075', Anonymous Referee #1, 07 Mar 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-3075', Anonymous Referee #2, 26 Mar 2024
Alcide Zhao, Laura Wilcox, and Claire Ryder
Alcide Zhao, Laura Wilcox, and Claire Ryder

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Short summary
Climate models include desert dust aerosols, which interact with radiation and can change circulation patterns. We assess the effect of dust on the Indian and East Asian summer monsoons through multi-model experiments where dust emissions are doubled, isolating the effect of dust for the first time. We find that dust results in an enhanced Indian summer monsoon and a southward shift of equatorial rainfall. Our results show the importance of accurate dust representation in climate model.