02 Jan 2024
 | 02 Jan 2024

Frequency-Dependent Shear Wave Attenuation along the Central Anatolia Region, Türkiye

Gizem Izgi, Tuna Eken, Peter Gaebler, Tülay Eken-Kaya, and Tuncay Taymaz

Abstract. The Central Anatolian Plateau with its volcanic provinces represents a broad transition zone between the compressional deformation in the east and the extensional regime in the west. The Central Anatolian Fault Zone separates the Kırşehir Block in the north and the Anatolide-Tauride block in the south within the plateau. A proper understanding of physical properties such as seismic attenuation in the crustal volume of this region can provide hints toward the possible source for the geodynamic events in the past and present that likely leads to the observed deformation. To model intrinsic and scattering attenuation separately, we perform a non-empirical coda wave modeling approach in which a fitting process between observed and synthetic coda wave envelopes is performed for each earthquake in multiple frequency bands. Here acoustic radiative transfer theory assuming multiple isotropic scattering was utilized for the forward modeling of the synthetic coda-wave envelopes of local earthquakes. Our findings generally highlight the prominent nature of intrinsic attenuation over scattering attenuation implying the presence of thick volcanic rocks with relatively high attenuation values beneath Central Anatolia. In overall the spatial distribution of the attenuation at varying frequencies marks the Kırşehir Massif distinctively with its considerable high attenuating character. Our findings together with early seismological and geo-electrical models suggest a possible partial melt beneath the most of Central Anatolian Volcanic Province and resultant zones of elevated fluid rich content exhibit high and dominant intrinsic attenuation. To the southeast, a gradual decrease in the observed attenuation coincides with the Central Tauride Mountains where high altitude is considered to be evolved following the slab break-off and resulting mantle upwelling.

Gizem Izgi, Tuna Eken, Peter Gaebler, Tülay Eken-Kaya, and Tuncay Taymaz

Status: final response (author comments only)

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  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2577', Anonymous Referee #1, 24 Jan 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2577', Anonymous Referee #2, 08 Feb 2024
Gizem Izgi, Tuna Eken, Peter Gaebler, Tülay Eken-Kaya, and Tuncay Taymaz
Gizem Izgi, Tuna Eken, Peter Gaebler, Tülay Eken-Kaya, and Tuncay Taymaz


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Short summary

In this manuscript, we investigate the complexity of the upper crustal block of Central Anatolia Region, Türkiye. We present the results of seismic attenuation by examining 1509 local earthquakes recorded at 72 broadband stations deployed within the framework of a passive seismic experiment. We emphasize the detailed 2D maps of intrinsic and scattering attenuation within the area where two devastating earthquakes (M7.8 and M7.5 Kahramanmaraş Earthquake Sequence) happened in 2023.