14 Jul 2023
 | 14 Jul 2023
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Modeling and evaluating the effects of irrigation on land-atmosphere interaction in South-West Europe with the regional climate model REMO2020-iMOVE using a newly developed parameterization

Christina Asmus, Peter Hoffmann, Joni-Pekka Pietikäinen, Jürgen Böhner, and Diana Rechid

Abstract. Irrigation is a crucial land use practice to adapt agriculture to unsuitable climate and soil conditions. Aiming for improving the growth of plants, irrigation modifies the soil condition, which causes atmospheric effects and feedbacks through land-atmosphere interaction. These effects can be quantified with numerical climate models, as has been done in various studies. It could be shown that irrigation effects, such as air temperature reduction and humidity increase are well understood and should not be neglected on local and regional scales. However, there is a lack of studies including the role of vegetation in the altered land-atmosphere interaction. With the increasing resolution of numerical climate models, these detailed processes have a chance to be better resolved and studied. This study aims for analyzing the effects of irrigation on land-atmosphere interaction, including the effects and feedbacks of vegetation. We developed a new parameterization for irrigation and implemented it into the REgional climate MOdel REMO2020, coupled with the interactive MOsaicbased VEgetation module iMOVE. Following this new approach of a separate irrigated fraction, the parameterization is suitable as a subgrid parameterization for high-resolution studies and resolves irrigation effects on land, atmosphere, and vegetation. Further, the parameterization is designed with three different water application schemes in order to analyze different parameterization approaches and their influence on the representation of irrigation effects. We apply the irrigation parameterization for South-West Europe including the Mediterranean region on 0.11° horizontal resolution for hot extremes. The simulation results are evaluated in terms of the consistency of physical processes. We found direct effects of irrigation, like a changed surface energy balance with increased latent and decreased sensible heat fluxes, and a surface temperature reduction of more than -4 K as mean during the growing season. Further, vegetation reacts to irrigation with direct effects, such as reduced water stress, but also with feedbacks, such as a delayed growing season caused by the reduction of the near-surface temperature. Furthermore, the results were compared to observational data showing a significant bias reduction in the 2 m mean temperature when using the irrigation parameterization.

Christina Asmus et al.

Status: open (extended)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-890', Jozsef Szilagyi, 18 Jul 2023 reply
  • CEC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-890', Juan Antonio Añel, 03 Aug 2023 reply
    • CEC2: 'Reply on CEC1', Juan Antonio Añel, 05 Sep 2023 reply
      • AC1: 'Reply on CEC2', Christina Asmus, 11 Sep 2023 reply
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-890', Anonymous Referee #1, 06 Sep 2023 reply

Christina Asmus et al.

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Data from: Modeling and evaluating the effects of irrigation on land-atmosphere interaction in South-West Europe with the regional climate model REMO2020-iMOVE using a newly developed parameterization Christina Asmus

Christina Asmus et al.


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Latest update: 30 Sep 2023
Short summary
Irrigation modifies the land surface and soil conditions. The caused effects can be quantified using numerical climate models. Our study introduces a new irrigation parameterization, which is simulating the effects of irrigation on land, atmosphere, and vegetation. We applied the parameterization and evaluated the results in their physical consistency. We found an improvement in the model results in the 2 m temperature representation in comparison with observational data for our study.