29 Aug 2023
 | 29 Aug 2023
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and ocean properties from PACE HARP2 with uncertainty assessment using cascading neural network radiative transfer models

Meng Gao, Bryan A. Franz, Peng-Wang Zhai, Kirk Knobelspiesse, Andrew Sayer, Xiaoguang Xu, Vanderlei Martins, Brian Cairns, Patricia Castellanos, Guangliang Fu, Neranga Hannadige, Otto Hasekamp, Yongxiang Hu, Amir Ibrahim, Frederick Patt, Anin Puthukkudy, and P. Jeremy Werdell

Abstract. The UMBC Hyper-Angular Rainbow Polarimeter (HARP2) will be onboard NASA’s Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE) mission, scheduled for launch in January 2024. In this study we systematically evaluate the retrievability and uncertainty of aerosol and ocean parameters from HARP2 multi-angle polarimeter (MAP) measurements. To reduce the computational demand of MAP-based retrievals and maximize data processing throughput, we developed improved neural network (NN) forward models for space-borne HARP2 measurements over a coupled atmosphere and ocean system within the FastMAPOL retrieval algorithm. A cascading retrieval scheme is further implemented in FastMAPOL, which leverages a series of NN models of varying size, speed, and accuracy to optimize performance. A full day of global synthetic HARP2 data was generated and used to test various retrieval parameters including aerosol microphysical and optical properties, aerosol layer height, ocean surface wind speed, and ocean chlorophyll-a concentration. To assess retrieval quality, pixel-wise retrieval uncertainties were derived from the Jacobians of the cost function and evaluated against the difference between the retrieval parameters and truth based on a Monte Carlo error propagation method. We found that the fine-mode aerosol properties can be retrieved well from the HARP2 data, though the coarse-mode aerosol properties are more uncertain. Larger uncertainties are also associated with a reduced number of available viewing angles, which typically occurs near the scan edge of the HARP2 instrument. Results of the performance assessment demonstrate that the algorithm is a viable approach for operational application to HARP2 data after PACE launch.

Meng Gao et al.

Status: open (until 04 Oct 2023)

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Meng Gao et al.

Meng Gao et al.


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Short summary
This study evaluates the retrievability and uncertainty on aerosol and ocean parameter from PACE's HARP2 instrument using enhanced neural network models within the FastMAPOL algorithm. The approach streamlined data processing and utilized a cascading retrieval method for optimization. Testing with synthetic HARP2 data revealed reliable retrieval of aerosol properties, though with some uncertainties in other areas. Overall, the algorithm is effective and viable for operational data analysis.