08 Sep 2023
 | 08 Sep 2023
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Quantifying the tropospheric ozone radiative effect and its temporal evolution in the satellite-era

Richard J. Pope, Alexandru Rap, Matilda A. Pimlott, Brice Barret, Eric Le Flochmoen, Brian J. Kerridge, Richard Siddans, Barry G. Latter, Lucy J. Ventress, Anne Boynard, Christian Retscher, Wuhu Feng, Richard Rigby, Sandip S. Dhomse, Catherine Wespes, and Martyn P. Chipperfield

Abstract. Using state-of-the-art satellite ozone profile products, and chemical transport model, we provide an updated estimate of the tropospheric ozone radiative effect (TO3RE) and observational constraint on its variability over the decade 2008–2017. Previous studies have shown the short-term (i.e. a few years) globally weighted average TO3RE to be 1.17±0.03 W/m2, while our analysis suggests that the long-term (2008–2017) average TO3RE to be 1.21–1.28 W/m2. Over this decade, the modelled/observational TO3RE linear trends show negligible change (i.e. ±0.1 %/year), so the tropospheric ozone radiative contribution to climate has remained stable with time. Two model sensitivity experiments fixing emissions and meteorology to one year (i.e. start year – 2008) show that ozone precursor emissions (meteorological factors) have had limited (substantial) impacts on the long-term tendency of globally weighted average TO3RE. Here, the meteorological variability in the tropical/sub-tropical upper troposphere is dampening any tendency in TO3RE from other factors (e.g. emissions, atmospheric chemistry).

Richard J. Pope et al.

Status: open (until 20 Oct 2023)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-1513', William Collins, 20 Sep 2023 reply
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-1513', Anonymous Referee #2, 29 Sep 2023 reply

Richard J. Pope et al.

Richard J. Pope et al.


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Short summary
Tropospheric ozone is an important short-lived climate forcer which influences the incoming solar short-wave radiation and the outgoing long-wave radiation in the atmosphere (10–15 km) where the balance between the two yields a net positive (i.e. warming) effect at the surface. Overall, we find that the tropospheric ozone radiative effect ranges between 1.21 and 1.28 W/m2 with a negligible trend (2008–2017) suggesting that tropospheric ozone influences on climate have remained stable with time.