29 Aug 2023
 | 29 Aug 2023
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Carbonatite-induced petit-spot melts squeezed upward from the asthenosphere beneath the Jurassic Pacific Plate

Kazuto Mikuni, Naoto Hirano, Shiki Machida, Hirochika Sumino, Norikatsu Akizawa, Akihiro Tamura, Tomoaki Morishita, and Yasuhiro Kato

Abstract. The lithosphere–asthenosphere boundary (LAB), which can be seismically detected, stabilizes plate tectonics. Several conflicting hypotheses have been proposed as the causes of LAB discontinuity, such as the contribution of hydrated minerals, mineral anisotropy, and partial melts. The petit-spot melts ascending from the asthenosphere, owing to subducting plate flexures, support the partial melting at the LAB. Here, we observed the lava outcrops of six monogenetic volcanoes formed by petit-spot volcanism in the western Pacific. Thereafter, we determined the 40Ar/39Ar ages, major and trace element compositions, and Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopic ratios of the petit-spot basalts. The 40Ar/39Ar ages of two monogenetic volcanoes were ca. 2.6 Ma (million years ago) and ca. 0 Ma, respectively. The isotopic compositions of the western Pacific petit-spot basalts suggest their geochemically similar melting sources. They were likely derived from a mixture of high-μ (HIMU) mantle-like and enriched mantle (EM) -1-like components related to carbonatitic/carbonated materials and recycled crustal components. A mass balance-based melting model implied that the characteristic trace element composition (i.e., Zr, Hf, and Ti depletions) of the western Pacific petit-spot magmas could be explained by the partial melting of garnet lherzolite with a small degree of carbonatite melt flux with crustal components. This result confirms the involvement of carbonatite melt and recycled crust in the source of petit-spot melts and provides an implication for the genesis of tectonic-induced volcanism with similar geochemical signatures to those of petit-spots.

Kazuto Mikuni et al.

Status: open (until 10 Oct 2023)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-1499', Anonymous Referee #1, 29 Sep 2023 reply

Kazuto Mikuni et al.


Total article views: 265 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total Supplement BibTeX EndNote
201 53 11 265 20 5 6
  • HTML: 201
  • PDF: 53
  • XML: 11
  • Total: 265
  • Supplement: 20
  • BibTeX: 5
  • EndNote: 6
Views and downloads (calculated since 29 Aug 2023)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 29 Aug 2023)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 253 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 253 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
Latest update: 03 Oct 2023
Short summary
Plate tectonics theory is understood as the moving of rocky plate (lithosphere) on ductile zone (asthenosphere). The causes of lithosphere–asthenosphere boundary (LAB) is controversial, but petit-spot volcanism supports the presence of melt at the LAB. We analyzed chemical composition and eruption age of petit-spot volcanoes on the western Pacific Plate, and the results suggested that carbonatite melt and recycled oceanic crust have induced the partial melting at the LAB.