20 Jul 2023
 | 20 Jul 2023
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

Comparison of the H2O, HDO and δD stratospheric climatologies between the MIPAS-ESA v8, MIPAS-IMK v5 and ACE-FTS v4.1/4.2 satellite data sets

Karen De Los Ríos, Paulina Ordoñez, Gabriele P. Stiller, Piera Raspollini, Marco Gai, Kaley A. Walker, Cristina Peña-Ortiz, and Luis Acosta

Abstract. Variations in the isotopological composition of water vapour are fundamental for understanding the relative importance of different mechanisms of water vapor transport from the tropical upper troposphere to the lower stratosphere. Previous comparisons obtained from observations of H2O and HDO by satellite instruments showed discrepancies. In this work, newer versions of H2O and HDO retrievals from Envisat/MIPAS are compared with data derived from SCISAT/ACE-FTS. Specifically, MIPAS-IMK V5, MIPAS-ESA V8, and ACE-FTS V4.1/4.2 for the common period from February 2004 to April 2012 are compared for the first time through a profile-to-profile approach and comparison based on climatological structures. Stratospheric H2O and HDO global average coincident profiles reveal good agreement. The smallest biases are found between 20 and 30 km, and the largest biases are exhibited around 40 km both in absolute and relative terms. For HDO, biases between -8.6–10.6 % are observed among the three databases in the altitudes of 16 to 30 km. However, around 40 km, ACE-FTS agrees better to MIPAS-IMK than MIPAS-ESA, with biases of -4.8 % and -37.5 %, respectively. The HDO bias between MIPAS-IMK and MIPAS ESA is 28.1 % at this altitude. The meridional cross-sections of H2O and HDO exhibit the expected distribution that has been established in previous studies. The tape recorder signal is present in H2O and HDO for the three databases with slight quantitative differences. The meridional cross-sections of δD are in good agreement with the previous version of MIPAS-IMK and ACE-FTS data. In the temporal δD variations, the results suggest that in the current data versions, the calculated isotopic composition (δD) from MIPAS-IMK aligns more closely with expected stratospheric behavior for the entire stratosphere. Nevertheless, there are differences in the climatological δD composites between databases that could lead to different interpretations regarding the water vapor transport processes toward the stratosphere, so it is important to intercompare these δD observations.

Karen De Los Ríos et al.

Status: open (until 09 Oct 2023)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-1348', Geoff Toon, 30 Aug 2023 reply
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-1348', Geoff Toon, 31 Aug 2023 reply

Karen De Los Ríos et al.

Karen De Los Ríos et al.


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Short summary
This study examines newer versions of H2O and HDO retrievals from Envisat/MIPAS and SCISAT/ACE-FTS. Results reveal good agreement in stratospheric H2O and HDO profiles, with biases found in specific altitudes. The tape recorder signal is consistent across databases, showing differences in climatological δD composites impacting then in the interpretation of WV transport. These findings enhance our understanding of WV dynamics and highlight the need for intercomparisons to refine our insights.