03 Aug 2022
03 Aug 2022

On the use of IASI spectrally resolved radiances to test the EC-Earth climate model (v3.3.3) in clear-sky conditions

Stefano Della Fera1,2, Federico Fabiano3, Piera Raspollini2, Marco Ridolfi4, Ugo Cortesi2, Flavio Barbara2, and Jost von Hardenberg5,6 Stefano Della Fera et al.
  • 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  • 2Institute of Applied Physics, National Research Council (IFAC-CNR), Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy
  • 3Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council (ISAC-CNR) Bologna, Italy
  • 4National Institute of Optics, National Research Council (INO-CNR), Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy
  • 5Department of Environment, Land and Infrastructure Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
  • 6Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council (ISAC-CNR), Torino, Italy

Abstract. The long-term comparison between simulated and observed spectrally resolved radiances can represent a stringent test for the direct verification and improvement of General Circulation Models (GCMs). From the mid of 2000s, stable hyperspectral observations of the Mid-Infrared region (667 to 2750 cm-1) the Earth emission spectrum have been provided by different sensors (e.g., AIRS, IASI and CrIS). In addition, the FORUM mission, selected to be the ninth ESA Earth Explorer mission, will measure, starting from 2027, the terrestrial radiation emitted to space at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) from 100 to 1600 cm-1 filling the observational gap in the far-infrared (FIR) region, from 100 to 667 cm-1.

In this work, in anticipation of FORUM measurements, we compare existing IASI observations to radiances simulated on the basis of the atmospheric fields predicted by the EC-Earth GCM (version 3.3.3) in clear-sky conditions. In order to simulate spectra based on the atmospheric and surface state provided by the climate model, the radiative transfer model σ-IASI has been implemented in the Cloud Feedback Model Intercomparison Project (COSP) package. Therefore, on-line simulations provided by EC-Earth model equipped with the new COSP + σ-IASI module have been performed in clear-sky conditions with prescribed sea surface temperature and sea-ice cover, every 6 hours, over a timeframe consistent with the availability of IASI data.

Systematic comparisons between observed IASI MetOp-A L1C data and model outputs have been performed in 10 cm-1 spectral intervals, on global and regional scales, by distinguishing the surface type (land, sea). The long term analysis shows a warm bias of the climate model in the roto-vibrational water vapour bands and in the CO2 absorption band. These biases represent a strong evidence of a temperature bias of the model in the upper-troposphere and in the stratosphere, while a cold bias occurs over land.

Stefano Della Fera et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CEC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-479', Juan Antonio Añel, 24 Aug 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on CEC1', Stefano Della Fera, 26 Aug 2022
      • CEC2: 'Reply on AC1', Juan Antonio Añel, 26 Aug 2022
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-479', Anonymous Referee #1, 30 Sep 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-479', Anonymous Referee #2, 03 Nov 2022

Stefano Della Fera et al.

Stefano Della Fera et al.


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Short summary
The long-term comparison between observed and simulated outgoing longwave radiances represents a strict test to evaluate climate model performance. In this work, 9 years of synthetic spectrally resolved radiances simulated on-line on the basis of the atmospheric fields predicted by the EC-Earth GCM (version 3.3.3) in clear-sky conditions are compared to a IASI spectral radiance climatology in order to detect model biases in temperature and humidity at different atmospheric levels.