14 Jun 2022
14 Jun 2022
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Evaluation of Global Teleconnections in CMIP6 Climate Projections using Complex Networks

Clementine Dalelane, Kristina Winderlich, and Andreas Walter Clementine Dalelane et al.
  • Deutscher Wetterdienst Frankfurter Str. 135 6305 Offenbach Germany

Abstract. In climatological research, the evaluation of climate models is one of the central research subjects. As an expression of large-scale dynamical processes, global teleconnections play a major role in interannual to decadal climate variability. Their realistic representation is an indispensable requirement for the simulation of climate change, both natural and anthropogenic. Therefore, the evaluation of global teleconnections is of utmost importance when assessing the physical plausibility of climate projections.

We present an application of the graph-theoretical analysis tool δ-MAPS, which constructs complex networks on the basis of spatio-temporal gridded data sets, here sea surface temperature and geopotential height in 500 hPa. Complex networks complement more traditional methods in the analysis of climate variability, like the classification of circulation regimes or empirical orthogonal functions, assuming a new non-linear perspective.

In the first place, δ-MAPS assembles grid cells with highly coherent temporal evolution into so-called domains. In a second step, the teleconnections between the domains are inferred by means of the non-linear distance correlation. We construct two unipartite and a bipartite network for 22 historical CMIP6 climate projections and two century-long coupled reanalyses (CERA-20C and 20CRv3). The networks derived from projection data are compared to those from reanalyses using a similarity criterion borrowed from image processing.

Clementine Dalelane et al.

Status: open (extended)

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Clementine Dalelane et al.

Clementine Dalelane et al.


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Short summary
The realistic representation of global teleconnections is an indispensable requirement for the reliable simulation of low-frequency climate variability and climate change. We present an application of the complex networks framework to quantify and evaluate large-scale interactions within and between ocean and atmosphere in 22 historical CMIP6 climate projections with respect to two century-long reanalyses.