Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2022-325
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2022-325
 
20 May 2022
20 May 2022

Seasonal study of the Small-Scale Variability of Dissolved Methane in the western Kiel Bight (Baltic Sea) during the European Heat Wave in 2018

Sonja Gindorf1,a, Hermann W. Bange1, Dennis Booge1, and Annette Kock1,b Sonja Gindorf et al.
  • 1Marine Biogeochemistry, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Kiel, Germany
  • anow at: Department of Environmental Science, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden
  • bnow at: Landesamt für Landwirtschaft, Umwelt und ländliche Räume, Flintbek, Germany

Abstract. Methane (CH4) is a climate-relevant atmospheric trace gas which is emitted to the atmosphere from coastal areas such as the Baltic Sea. The oceanic CH4 emission estimates are still associated with a high degree of uncertainty partly because the temporal and spatial variability of the CH4 distribution in the ocean surface layer is usually not known. In order to determine the small-scale variability of dissolved CH4 we set up a purge-and-trap system with a significantly improved precision for the CH4 concentration measurements. We measured the distribution of dissolved CH4 in the water column of the western Kiel Bight and Eckernförde Bay in June and September 2018. The top 1 m was sampled in high-resolution to determine potential small-scale CH4 concentration gradients within the mixed layer. CH4 concentrations throughout the water column of the western Kiel Bight and Eckernförde Bay were generally higher in September than in June. The increase of the CH4 concentrations in the bottom water was accompanied by a strong decrease in O2 concentrations which led to anoxic conditions favorable for microbial CH4 production in September. In summer 2018, northwestern Europe experienced a pronounced heatwave. However, we found no relationship between the anomalies of water temperature and excess CH4 in both the surface and the bottom layer at the site of the Boknis Eck Time-Series Station (Eckernförde Bay). Therefore, the 2018 European heatwave most likely did not affect the observed increase of the CH4 concentrations in the western Kiel Bight from June to September 2018. The high-resolution measurements of the CH4 concentrations in the upper 1 m of the water column were highly variable and showed no uniform decreasing or increasing gradients with water depth. Overall, our results show that the CH4 distribution in the water column of the western Kiel Bight and Eckernförde Bay is strongly affected by both large-scale temporal (i.e. seasonal) and small-scale spatial variabilities which need to be considered when quantifying the exchange of CH4 across the ocean/atmosphere interface.

Journal article(s) based on this preprint

27 Oct 2022
Seasonal study of the small-scale variability in dissolved methane in the western Kiel Bight (Baltic Sea) during the European heatwave in 2018
Sonja Gindorf, Hermann W. Bange, Dennis Booge, and Annette Kock
Biogeosciences, 19, 4993–5006, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-4993-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-4993-2022, 2022
Short summary

Sonja Gindorf et al.

Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-325', Anonymous Referee #1, 22 Jun 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Sonja Gindorf, 23 Jul 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC1', Sonja Gindorf, 23 Jul 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-325', Anonymous Referee #2, 24 Jun 2022
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC2', Sonja Gindorf, 23 Jul 2022

Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-325', Anonymous Referee #1, 22 Jun 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Sonja Gindorf, 23 Jul 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC1', Sonja Gindorf, 23 Jul 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-325', Anonymous Referee #2, 24 Jun 2022
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC2', Sonja Gindorf, 23 Jul 2022

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (02 Aug 2022) by Helge Niemann
AR by Sonja Gindorf on behalf of the Authors (02 Sep 2022)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (16 Sep 2022) by Helge Niemann
RR by Anonymous Referee #2 (17 Sep 2022)
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (21 Sep 2022)
ED: Publish subject to technical corrections (02 Oct 2022) by Helge Niemann
AR by Sonja Gindorf on behalf of the Authors (10 Oct 2022)  Author's response    Manuscript

Journal article(s) based on this preprint

27 Oct 2022
Seasonal study of the small-scale variability in dissolved methane in the western Kiel Bight (Baltic Sea) during the European heatwave in 2018
Sonja Gindorf, Hermann W. Bange, Dennis Booge, and Annette Kock
Biogeosciences, 19, 4993–5006, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-4993-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-4993-2022, 2022
Short summary

Sonja Gindorf et al.

Sonja Gindorf et al.

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Short summary
Methane is a climate-relevant greenhouse gas which is emitted to the atmosphere from coastal areas such as the Baltic Sea. We measured the methane concentration in the water column of the western Kiel Bight. Methane concentrations were higher in September than in June. We found no relationship between the 2018 European Heatwave and methane concentrations. Our results show that the methane distribution in the water column is strongly affected by temporal and spatial variabilities.