11 Apr 2022
11 Apr 2022
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

Development of a broadband cavity-enhanced absorption spectrometer for simultaneous measurements of ambient NO3, NO2, and H2O

Woohui Nam1, Changmin Cho1, Begie Perdigones1, Tae Siek Rhee2, and Kyung-Eun Min1 Woohui Nam et al.
  • 1School of Earth Science and Environmental Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST),123 Cheomdangwagi-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 61005, South Korea
  • 2Korea Polar Research Institute, 26 Songdomirae-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 21990, South Korea

Abstract. We describe the characteristics and performances of our newly built broadband cavity-enhanced absorption spectrometer for measurements of nitrate radical (NO3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and water vapor (H2O). A customized vibration-resistance cavity layout incorporated with N2 purging on high-reflection mirror surfaces was implemented with a red light-emitting diode (LED) as a light source. In general, this system achieved over 40 km (up to 101.5 km) of effective light path length at 662 nm from a 0.52 m long cavity. For the accurate NO3 measurement, the measured absorption spectrum of H2O was used for simultaneous concentration retrievals with the other species, instead of being treated as interferences to be removed or corrected prior to NO3 detection. Synthesized N2O5 crystals under atmospheric pressure were used for performance tests of linear response and transmission efficiency. From the standard injection experiments of NO3, NO2, and H2O, high linearities were observed (R2 ≥0.9918). The total NO3 transmission efficiency through the system was determined to be 81.2 % (±2.9, 1σ) within the residence time of 2.59 seconds. The precisions (1σ) of NO3, NO2, and H2O in 1 Hz measurement from a single pixel on the CCD were 1.41 pptv, 6.92 ppbv, and 35.0 ppmv with uncertainties of 10.8, 5.2, and ≥20.5 %, respectively, mainly from the errors in literature absorption cross-sections. The instrument was successfully deployed aboard the Korean icebreaker R/V Araon for an expedition conducted in remote marine boundary layer in the Arctic Ocean during the summer of 2021.

Woohui Nam et al.

Status: open (until 07 Jun 2022)

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  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-145', Anonymous Referee #1, 29 Apr 2022 reply

Woohui Nam et al.

Woohui Nam et al.


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Short summary
We describe our vibration-resistant instrument for measuring ambient NO3, NO2, and H2O based on cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy. By simultaneous retrieval of H2O with the other species using measured H2O absorption spectrum, direct quantifications among all species are possible without any pre-treatment for H2O. Our instrument achieves the effective light path to ~ 101.5 km, which allows the sensitive measurements of NO3 and NO2 as 1.41 pptv and 6.92 ppbv (1σ) in 1 second.