10 Apr 2024
 | 10 Apr 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Temporal stability of a new 40-year daily AVHRR Land Surface Temperature dataset for the Pan-Arctic region

Sonia Dupuis, Frank-Michael Göttsche, and Stefan Wunderle

Abstract. Land surface temperature (LST) gained increased attention in cryospheric research. While various global satellite LST products are available, none of them is specially designed for the Pan-Arctic region. Based on the recently published EUMETSAT Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) fundamental data record (FDR), a new LST product (1981–2021) with daily resolution is developed for the Pan-Arctic region. Validation shows good accuracy with an average mean absolute error (MAE) of 1.71 K and a MAE range of 0.62–3.07 K against in situ LST data from the Surface Radiation Budget Network (SURFRAD) and Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) sites. Long-term stability, a strong requirement for trend analysis, is assessed by comparing LST with air temperatures from ERA5-Land (T2M) and air temperature data from the EUSTACE ( global station dataset. Long-term stability might not be fulfilled mainly due to the orbit drift of the NOAA satellites. Therefore, the analysis is split into two periods: the arctic winter months, which are unaffected by solar illumination and, therefore, orbital drift, and the summer months. The analysis for the winter months results in correlation values (r) of 0.44–0.83, whereas for the summer months (r) ranges between 0.37–0.84. Analysis of anomaly differences revealed instabilities for the summer months at a few stations. The same stability analysis for the winter months revealed only one station with instabilities in comparison to station air temperature. Discrepancies between the temperature anomalies recorded at the stations and ERA5-Land T2M were also found. This highlights the limited influence of orbital drift on the LST product, with the winter months presenting good stability across all stations, which makes these data a valuable source for studying LST changes in the Pan-Arctic region over the last 40 years. This study concludes by presenting LST trend maps (1981–2021) for the entire region, revealing distinct warming and cooling patterns.

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Sonia Dupuis, Frank-Michael Göttsche, and Stefan Wunderle

Status: open (until 29 May 2024)

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  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-857', Anonymous Referee #1, 27 Apr 2024 reply
Sonia Dupuis, Frank-Michael Göttsche, and Stefan Wunderle
Sonia Dupuis, Frank-Michael Göttsche, and Stefan Wunderle


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Short summary
The Arctic experienced pronounced warming throughout the last decades. This warming threatens ecosystems, vegetation dynamics, snow cover duration, and permafrost. Traditional monitoring methods like stations and climate models lack the detail needed. Land surface temperature (LST) data derived from satellites offers high spatial and temporal coverage, perfect for studying changes in the Arctic. In particular, LST information from AVHRR provides a 40-year record, valuable for analyzing trends.