08 Mar 2024
 | 08 Mar 2024

Effect of Secondary Ice Production Processes on the Simulation of ice pellets using the Predicted Particle Properties microphysics scheme

Mathieu Lachapelle, Mélissa Cholette, and Julie M. Thériault

Abstract. Ice pellets can form when supercooled raindrops collide with small ice particles that can be generated through secondary ice production processes. The use of atmospheric models that neglect these collisions can lead to an overestimation of freezing rain. The objective of this study is therefore to understand the impacts of collisional freezing and secondary ice production on simulations of ice pellets and freezing rain. We studied the properties of precipitation simulated with the microphysical scheme Predicted Particle Properties (P3) for two distinct secondary ice production processes. Possible improvements to the representation of ice pellets and ice crystals in P3 were analyzed by simulating an ice pellet storm that occurred over eastern Canada in January 2020. Those simulations showed that adding secondary ice production processes increased the accumulation of ice pellets but led to unrealistic size distributions of precipitation particles. Realistic size distributions of ice pellets were obtained by modifying the collection of rain by small ice particles and the merging criteria of ice categories in P3.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
Mathieu Lachapelle, Mélissa Cholette, and Julie M. Thériault

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-594', Anonymous Referee #1, 28 Mar 2024
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Mathieu Lachapelle, 02 Jul 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-594', Anonymous Referee #2, 22 Apr 2024
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Mathieu Lachapelle, 02 Jul 2024
  • CC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-594', Heather Reeves, 25 Apr 2024
    • AC4: 'Reply on CC1', Mathieu Lachapelle, 02 Jul 2024
  • EC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-594', Odran Sourdeval, 17 May 2024
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC3', Mathieu Lachapelle, 02 Jul 2024
Mathieu Lachapelle, Mélissa Cholette, and Julie M. Thériault

Data sets

Observation data for four ice pellet events Mathieu Lachapelle, Julie M. Thériault, and Hadleigh D. Thompson

Mathieu Lachapelle, Mélissa Cholette, and Julie M. Thériault


Total article views: 574 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
427 108 39 574 14 18
  • HTML: 427
  • PDF: 108
  • XML: 39
  • Total: 574
  • BibTeX: 14
  • EndNote: 18
Views and downloads (calculated since 08 Mar 2024)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 08 Mar 2024)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 581 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 581 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
Latest update: 23 Jul 2024
Short summary
Hazardous precipitation types such as ice pellets and freezing rain are difficult to predict because they are associated with complex microphysical processes. Using the Predicted Particles Properties (P3), this work shows that secondary ice production processes increase the amount of ice pellets simulated while decreasing the amount of freezing rain. Moreover, the properties of the simulated precipitation compare well with those measured.