Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-547
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-547
14 Mar 2024
 | 14 Mar 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

A statistical analysis of the occurrence of polar stratospheric ice clouds based on MIPAS satellite observations and the ERA5 reanalysis

Ling Zou, Reinhold Spang, Sabine Griessbach, Lars Hoffmann, Farahnaz Khosrawi, Rolf Müller, and Ines Tritscher

Abstract. Small-scale temperature fluctuations can play a crucial role in the occurrence of ice clouds. This study analyzes a decade of ice polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) occurrence obtained from Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS/Envisat) measurements. The points with the smallest temperature difference (ΔTice_min) between the frost point temperature (Tice) and the environmental temperature along the limb line of sight are proposed here to identify the location of ice PSC observations. In MIPAS observations, we find approximately 56 % of the Arctic and 28 % of the Antarctic ice PSCs are detected at temperatures above the local Tice based on ERA5 data at ΔTice_min. Ice PSCs above Tice are concentrated around mountain regions and their downwind directions. A backward trajectory analysis deduced from the ERA5 reanalysis is performed to investigate the temperature history of each ice PSC observation. Based on 24-hour backward trajectories, the cumulative fraction of ice PSCs above Tice increases as the trajectory gets closer to the observation point. The most significant change of the fraction of ice PSCs above Tice occurs within the 6h preceding the observations. There is an impact of previous temperature fluctuations on the interpretation of MIPAS ice PSC observations. At the observation point, the mean fractions of ice PSCs above Tice taking into account temperature fluctuations along the backward trajectory are 33 % in the Arctic and 9 % in the Antarctic. The results provide quantitative assessments of the correlation between orographic waves with ice PSCs above Tice based on the Lagrangian model by using MIPAS measurements and ERA5 reanalysis data. Additionally, the observational statistics presented can be utilized for comparison with chemistry-climate simulations.

Ling Zou, Reinhold Spang, Sabine Griessbach, Lars Hoffmann, Farahnaz Khosrawi, Rolf Müller, and Ines Tritscher

Status: open (until 25 Apr 2024)

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Ling Zou, Reinhold Spang, Sabine Griessbach, Lars Hoffmann, Farahnaz Khosrawi, Rolf Müller, and Ines Tritscher
Ling Zou, Reinhold Spang, Sabine Griessbach, Lars Hoffmann, Farahnaz Khosrawi, Rolf Müller, and Ines Tritscher

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Short summary
This study quantified the correlation between orographic waves with ice PSCs above frost point (Tice) based on the Lagrangian model by using MIPAS observations and ERA5 reanalysis. We found that ice PSCs above Tice with temperature fluctuations along the backward trajectory are 33 % in the Arctic and 9 % in the Antarctic. This quantitative assessment enhances our understanding of ice PSCs, and the observational statistics can be utilized for comparison with chemistry-climate simulations.