Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-523
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-523
04 Mar 2024
 | 04 Mar 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Representing the effects of giant aerosol in droplet nucleation in E3SMv2

Yu Yao, Po-Lun Ma, Yi Qin, Matthew W. Christensen, Hui Wan, Kai Zhang, Balwinder Singh, Meng Huang, and Mikhail Ovchinnikov

Abstract. Giant aerosol, i.e., those with diameters larger than 1 μm, can form large droplets via condensational growth to sizes similar to drizzle particles without being activated. In this study, we assess the impacts of giant aerosol on clouds, precipitation, and radiation when activated giant aerosol are directly categorized as raindrops using the U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Exascale Earth System Model version 2 (E3SMv2). We find that categorizing activated giant aerosol as raindrops reduces cloud liquid water path by 11.38 % globally, with most pronounced reduction in the mid-latitudes. We also find that this approach improves model's ability to simulate the positive correlation between surface rain rate and coarse mode aerosol concentration in regions of low precipitation. The effective radiative forcing associated with aerosol-cloud interactions (ERFaci) reduces from -1.37 to between -0.94 and -1.23 W m-2, depending on the size of giant aerosol. Our results highlight the importance of a better representation of giant aerosol in Earth system models to provide better predictions of cloud, precipitation, and the climate.

Yu Yao, Po-Lun Ma, Yi Qin, Matthew W. Christensen, Hui Wan, Kai Zhang, Balwinder Singh, Meng Huang, and Mikhail Ovchinnikov

Status: open (until 29 Apr 2024)

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  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-523', Anonymous Referee #1, 29 Mar 2024 reply
Yu Yao, Po-Lun Ma, Yi Qin, Matthew W. Christensen, Hui Wan, Kai Zhang, Balwinder Singh, Meng Huang, and Mikhail Ovchinnikov
Yu Yao, Po-Lun Ma, Yi Qin, Matthew W. Christensen, Hui Wan, Kai Zhang, Balwinder Singh, Meng Huang, and Mikhail Ovchinnikov

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Short summary
Giant aerosols have substantial effects on warm rain formation. However, it remains challenging to quantify the impact of giant particles at global scale. In this work, we applied earth system model to investigate its impacts by implementing new giant aerosol treatments to consider its physical process. We found this approach substantially affect liquid cloud and improved model's precipitation response to aerosols. Our findings demonstrate the significant impact of giant aerosols on climate.