Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-520
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-520
29 Feb 2024
 | 29 Feb 2024

The Paris Low-Level Jet During PANAME 2022 and its Impact on the Summertime Urban Heat Island

Jonnathan Céspedes, Simone Kotthaus, Jana Preissler, Clément Toupoint, Ludovic Thobois, Marc-Antoine Drouin, Jean-Charles Dupont, Aurélien Faucheux, and Martial Haeffelin

Abstract. The Low-Level Jet (LLJ) and the Urban Heat Island (UHI) are common nocturnal phenomena in the atmospheric boundary layer. While the canopy layer UHI has been studied extensively, interactions of the LLJ and the urban atmosphere in general (and the UHI in particular) have received less attention. In the framework of the PANAME initiative in the Paris region, continuous measurements of wind speed and vertical velocity profiles were recorded with two Doppler Wind Lidars (DWL) – for the first time allowing for a detailed investigation of the summertime LLJ characteristics in the region. Jets are detected for 70 % of the examined nights, often simultaneously at an urban and a suburban site highlighting the LLJ regional spatial extent. Emerging at around sunset, the mean LLJ duration is ∼10 h, the mean wind speed is ∼9 ms−1, and the average core height is 400 m above the city. For many jets, results show signatures in the temporal evolution that indicate the inertial oscillation mechanism plays a role in the jet development: a clockwise veering of the wind direction and a rapid acceleration followed by a slower deceleration. The LLJ core induces variance in the vertical velocity (σ2w) above the urban canopy layer. It is shown that σ2w is a powerful indicator for the air temperature spatial contrasts as UHI intensity decreases exponentially with increasing σ2w and strong values only occur when σ2w is very weak. This study demonstrates how DWL observations in cities provide valuable insights into near-surface processes relevant to human and environmental health.

Jonnathan Céspedes, Simone Kotthaus, Jana Preissler, Clément Toupoint, Ludovic Thobois, Marc-Antoine Drouin, Jean-Charles Dupont, Aurélien Faucheux, and Martial Haeffelin

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Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-520', Anonymous Referee #1, 27 Mar 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2024-520', Anonymous Referee #2, 11 Apr 2024
Jonnathan Céspedes, Simone Kotthaus, Jana Preissler, Clément Toupoint, Ludovic Thobois, Marc-Antoine Drouin, Jean-Charles Dupont, Aurélien Faucheux, and Martial Haeffelin
Jonnathan Céspedes, Simone Kotthaus, Jana Preissler, Clément Toupoint, Ludovic Thobois, Marc-Antoine Drouin, Jean-Charles Dupont, Aurélien Faucheux, and Martial Haeffelin

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Latest update: 19 Apr 2024
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Short summary
The Low-Level Jet (LLJ) and the Urban Heat Island (UHI) are common phenomena in the atmospheric boundary layer, while the UHI has been studied extensively, the interaction between them has received less attention. LLJ detection in the Paris region showed that the turbulence below the LLJ core is an indicator of the UHI intensity variation. This study demonstrates how wind observations in cities provide valuable insights into near-surface processes relevant to human and environmental health.