Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-358
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-358
08 Feb 2024
 | 08 Feb 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

Retrieval of stratospheric aerosol extinction coefficients from OMPS-LP measurements

Alexei Rozanov, Christine Pohl, Carlo Arosio, Adam Bourassa, Klaus Bramstedt, Elizaveta Malinina, Landon Rieger, and John P. Burrows

Abstract. A new retrieval algorithm to obtain vertical profiles of the aerosol extinction coefficient from the measurements of the scattered solar light in the limb viewing geometry made by the OMPS-LP instrument is presented. The method employs the normalization of the limb radiances to the solar irradiance in contrast to the normalization by a limb measurement at an upper tangent height, which is used by most of the other published limb-scatter retrievals. The main advantage of this approach is a nearly complete elimination of the dependence of the retrieval results on the prior aerosol extinction profile used in the retrieval. This makes the retrieval well suitable to analyze the observation scenes with highly elevated aerosol plumes as occurred after the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcanic eruption in January 2022. The results from the new approach were compared to independent data from SAGE III/ISS and OSIRIS. In general, an agreement within 25 % between the different data products was observed although larger differences were seen after very strong volcanic eruptions and wildfires. The new data product was used to investigate the evolution of the aerosol plume after the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcanic eruption.

Alexei Rozanov, Christine Pohl, Carlo Arosio, Adam Bourassa, Klaus Bramstedt, Elizaveta Malinina, Landon Rieger, and John P. Burrows

Status: open (until 30 Mar 2024)

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Alexei Rozanov, Christine Pohl, Carlo Arosio, Adam Bourassa, Klaus Bramstedt, Elizaveta Malinina, Landon Rieger, and John P. Burrows
Alexei Rozanov, Christine Pohl, Carlo Arosio, Adam Bourassa, Klaus Bramstedt, Elizaveta Malinina, Landon Rieger, and John P. Burrows

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Short summary
We developed a new algorithm to retrieve vertical distributions of the aerosol extinction coefficient in the stratosphere. The algorithm is applied to measurements of the scattered solar light form the space borne OMPS-LP (Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite-Limb Profiler) instrument. The retrieval results are compared to the data from other space borne instruments and used to investigate the evolution of the aerosol plume after the eruption of the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcano in January 2022.