Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-1916
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-1916
05 Jul 2024
 | 05 Jul 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT).

Validation of ACE-FTS version 5.2 ozone data with ozonesonde measurements

Jiansheng Zou, Kaley A. Walker, Patrick E. Sheese, Chris D. Boone, Ryan M. Stauffer, Anne M. Thompson, and David W. Tarasick

Abstract. Two decades of ACE-FTS version 5.2 (v5.2) ozone data (2004–2023) are evaluated with ozonesonde data from across the globe. The biases between the ACE-FTS and ozonesonde measurements are first estimated by analysing coincident data pairs. A second approach is taken for the validation by comparing the ACE-FTS and ozonesonde monthly mean time series, with the former generated by sampling the ACE-FTS data within latitude/longitude boxes (i.e., ±5°/±30°) surrounding the stations and calculating the monthly averages. The biases, correlations, variation patterns and the mean states of the two time series are compared. The biases estimated in this way exhibit more consistent and smoother features than using the coincident pair method. The ACE-FTS and ozonesonde monthly mean time series are highly correlated and exhibit similar variation patterns in the lower stratosphere at all latitudes. The ACE-FTS instrument drifts for each station are assessed in terms of the long-term linear trends relative to ozonesondes, which, although highly stable, may have their own minor changes with time. The ACE-FTS ozone profiles exhibit in general high biases in the stratosphere, increasing with altitude up to ~10 % at around 30 km, and have local maximum differences with ozonesonde profiles at the tropopause heights. The ACE-FTS instrument drifts are generally insignificant overall in the stratosphere with high variation between the stations. Averaging the individual station instrument drifts within several latitude bands results in small insignificant drifts of within ±1 % dec-1 in the northern mid- to high latitudes, and the southern high latitudes, and a small positive insignificant drift of 0–3 % dec-1 in the tropics and southern mid-latitudes with overall uncertainties at 2–3 % dec-1 (2σ level) in the low stratosphere. In the troposphere, the average ACE-FTS instrument drifts vary with altitude and exhibit large drifts between -10 and +10 % dec-1 with uncertainties of 10 % dec-1.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
Jiansheng Zou, Kaley A. Walker, Patrick E. Sheese, Chris D. Boone, Ryan M. Stauffer, Anne M. Thompson, and David W. Tarasick

Status: open (until 10 Aug 2024)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Thorough validation paper, maybe a bit detailed and lengthy', Anonymous Referee #1, 25 Jul 2024 reply
Jiansheng Zou, Kaley A. Walker, Patrick E. Sheese, Chris D. Boone, Ryan M. Stauffer, Anne M. Thompson, and David W. Tarasick
Jiansheng Zou, Kaley A. Walker, Patrick E. Sheese, Chris D. Boone, Ryan M. Stauffer, Anne M. Thompson, and David W. Tarasick

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Short summary
Ozone measurements from the ACE-FTS satellite instrument have been compared to worldwide balloon-borne ozonesonde profiles using pairs of closely-spaced profiles and monthly averaged profiles. ACE-FTS typically measures more ozone in the stratosphere by up to 10 %. The long-term stability of the ACE-FTS ozone data is good exhibiting small (but not significant) drifts of less than 3 % per decade in the stratosphere. Lower in the profiles, the calculated drifts are larger (up to 10 % per decade).