Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-1341
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-1341
27 May 2024
 | 27 May 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Ice-nucleating particle concentration impacts cloud properties over Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica, in COSMO-CLM2

Florian Sauerland, Niels Souverijns, Anna Possner, Heike Wex, Preben Van Overmeiren, Alexander Mangold, Kwinten Van Weverberg, and Nicole van Lipzig

Abstract. Ice-nucleating particles (INPs) have an important function in the freezing of clouds, but are rare in East Antarctica with concentrations between 6 × 10-6 L-1 and 5 × 10-3 L-1 observed at the Belgian Princess Elisabeth Station. These low concentrations offer a possible explanation for the occurrence of supercooled liquid water in clouds observed using the station's Micro Rain Radar and Ceilometer. We used COSMO-CLM² with an added aerosol-cycle module to test the cloud phase’s sensitivity in response to varying prescribed INP concentrations. We tested two cases, one in austral summer, one in austral winter, and analysed the differences resulting from INP concentration changes for an area around the station and over the Southern Ocean within the selected domain. Our results show a strong influence of the INP concentration on the liquid water path in both regions, with higher concentrations reducing the amount of liquid water. Over the ocean, this effect is stronger during winter: During summer, a significant portion of water remains in liquid state regardless of INP concentration. Over the continent, this effect is stronger during summer: Temperatures in winter frequently fall below -37 °C, allowing homogeneous freezing. The largest increase of the liquid water fraction of total cloud hydrometeor mass is simulated over the ocean in winter, from 9.8 % in the highest tested INP concentration to 50.3 % in the lowest. The radiative effects caused by the INP concentration changes are small with less than 3 W m-2 difference in the averages between different concentrations.

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Florian Sauerland, Niels Souverijns, Anna Possner, Heike Wex, Preben Van Overmeiren, Alexander Mangold, Kwinten Van Weverberg, and Nicole van Lipzig

Status: open (until 08 Jul 2024)

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Florian Sauerland, Niels Souverijns, Anna Possner, Heike Wex, Preben Van Overmeiren, Alexander Mangold, Kwinten Van Weverberg, and Nicole van Lipzig

Data sets

Ceilometer observations taken at Princess Elisabeth Station, Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica Florian Sauerland et al. https://doi.org/10.48804/07SS6R

MRR observations taken at Princess Elisabeth Station, Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica Florian Sauerland et al. https://doi.org/10.48804/MDDKU0

Replication Data for: Ice-nucleating particle concentration impacts cloud properties over Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica, in COSMO-CLM² Florian Sauerland and Nicole van Lipzig https://doi.org/10.48804/XGJVIZ

Florian Sauerland, Niels Souverijns, Anna Possner, Heike Wex, Preben Van Overmeiren, Alexander Mangold, Kwinten Van Weverberg, and Nicole van Lipzig

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Short summary
We use a regional climate model, COSMO-CLM², enhanced with a module resolving aerosol processes, to study Antarctic clouds. We prescribe INP concentrations from observations at Princess Elisabeth Station and other sites to the model. We assess how Antarctic clouds respond to INP concentration changes, validating results with cloud observations from the station. Our results show that aerosol-cloud interactions vary with temperature, providing valuable insights into Antarctic cloud dynamics.