Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-1204
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2024-1204
05 Jun 2024
 | 05 Jun 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Exploring the Crucial Role of Atmospheric Carbonyl Compounds in Regional Ozone heavy Pollution: Insights from Intensive Field Observations and Observation-based modelling in the Chengdu Plain Urban Agglomeration, China

Jiemeng Bao, Xin Zhang, Zhenhai Wu, Li Zhou, Jun Qian, Qinwen Tan, Fumo Yang, Junhui Chen, Yunfeng Li, Hefan Liu, Liqun Deng, and Hong Li

Abstract. Gaseous carbonyl compounds serve as crucial precursors and intermediates in atmospheric photochemical reactions, significantly contributing to ambient ozone formation. To investigate the impact of gaseous carbonyls on regional ozone pollution, simultaneous field observations and observation-based modelling of ambient carbonyls were conducted at nine sites within the Chengdu Plain Urban Agglomeration (CPUA), China during August 4–18, 2019, when three episodes of regional heavy ozone pollution occurred across eight cities within CPUA. Throughout the study, the total mixing ratios of 15 carbonyls ranged from 10.70 to 35.18 ppbv, in which formaldehyde (48.1 %), acetone (19.9 %), and acetaldehyde (17.5 %) were most abundant within the CPUA. Ambient levels of carbonyls and ozone showed some positive correlations in space (especially pronounced around Chengdu in both northern and southern directions) and in diurnal variations with higher concentrations of carbonyls during ozone pollution episodes. Photochemical reactivity analysis emphasized the significant contributions of carbonyls, especially formaldehyde and acetaldehyde, to ozone formation. The ozone formation sensitivity for sites experiencing severe ozone pollution were classified as VOCs-limited regime, while others were categorized as transitional regime. Local primary emissions, mutual air transportation among cities within the CPUA and photochemical secondary processes were recognized to contribute significantly to the production or the contamination of carbonyls in ambient air, with alkenes and alkanes being important secondary precursors of carbonyls. This study highlights the pivotal role of carbonyls in heavy ozone pollution within the CPUA, China, providing valuable scientific insights to guide the development of effective countermeasures for regional ozone pollution control in the future.

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Jiemeng Bao, Xin Zhang, Zhenhai Wu, Li Zhou, Jun Qian, Qinwen Tan, Fumo Yang, Junhui Chen, Yunfeng Li, Hefan Liu, Liqun Deng, and Hong Li

Status: open (until 17 Jul 2024)

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Jiemeng Bao, Xin Zhang, Zhenhai Wu, Li Zhou, Jun Qian, Qinwen Tan, Fumo Yang, Junhui Chen, Yunfeng Li, Hefan Liu, Liqun Deng, and Hong Li
Jiemeng Bao, Xin Zhang, Zhenhai Wu, Li Zhou, Jun Qian, Qinwen Tan, Fumo Yang, Junhui Chen, Yunfeng Li, Hefan Liu, Liqun Deng, and Hong Li

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Our research in the Chengdu Plain Urban Agglomeration (CPUA), China, reveals significant correlations between carbonyl compounds and ozone pollution, particularly in Chengdu. Formaldehyde, acetone, and acetaldehyde are key contributors to ozone formation. Urgent collaborative actions among cities are needed to mitigate carbonyl-related ozone pollution, stressing the control of NOx and VOCs emissions. Our study offers crucial insights for crafting effective regional pollution control strategies.