Possible impact of the 43 BCE Okmok volcanic eruption in Alaska on the climate of China as revealed in historical documents
Abstract. A massive eruption of Okmok volcano in Alaska has been recently discovered and precisely dated to have occurred in 43 BCE. Some Chinese climate records of 43–33 BCE in historical documents have been found that provide descriptions of observed environmental abnormities that appear to be consistent with the anticipated changes due to volcanic climate forcing. We provide full translation with discussions of the Chinese climate records that may be related to the Okmok eruption in this paper. We have converted ancient Chinese calendar dates to modern Gregorian dates and provided the latitudes and longitudes of the geographical locations mentioned in the records. We believe the detailed information contained in these records will be useful for further research on the climate impact of volcanic eruptions.
Status: open (until 26 Mar 2024)
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