06 Feb 2024
 | 06 Feb 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Research on landslide master control factor identification and susceptibility prediction modelling

Yin Xing, Yang Chen, Peng Wang, Saipeng Huang, and Yunfei Xiang

Abstract. It is important to properly identify the primary control elements of landslide susceptibility because the modelling process and its uncertainties differ between machine learning predictions of susceptibility to landslides. In response to the aforementioned issues, the novel "weight mean method" is suggested to determine more precise landslide master factors. Support vector machine (SVM) and random forest (RF) are used as examples to discuss the prediction of landslide susceptibility and its uncertainty based on machine learning. For Ruijin City, Jiangxi Province, the landslide inventory and 12 different types of underlying environmental factors were acquired, and the factor frequency ratios were employed as input variables for SVM and RF. The landslides and randomly selected non-landslide samples were then divided into training and test sets, and the trained machine learning was used to predict and map landslide susceptibility. In order to assess modeling uncertainty and determine the landslide master control factor, subject work curves, means, and standard deviations were used. The results show that: (1) Machine learning can effectively predict regional landslide susceptibility, the accuracy of landslide susceptibility predicted by RF is higher than that of SVM, while its uncertainty is lower than that of SVM, but the overall susceptibility distribution patterns of both are similar. (2) The weight-mean approach determines that the slope, height, and lithology, in that order, are the primary controlling elements of the landslide in Ruijin City. In comparison to other machine learning models, the case studies and literature study demonstrate how dependable and susceptible the RF model is.

Yin Xing, Yang Chen, Peng Wang, Saipeng Huang, and Yunfei Xiang

Status: open (until 19 Mar 2024)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
Yin Xing, Yang Chen, Peng Wang, Saipeng Huang, and Yunfei Xiang
Yin Xing, Yang Chen, Peng Wang, Saipeng Huang, and Yunfei Xiang


Total article views: 130 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
98 25 7 130 2 3
  • HTML: 98
  • PDF: 25
  • XML: 7
  • Total: 130
  • BibTeX: 2
  • EndNote: 3
Views and downloads (calculated since 06 Feb 2024)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 06 Feb 2024)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 125 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 125 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
Latest update: 04 Mar 2024
Short summary
It is important to correctly identify the main control factors of landslide susceptibility, as the modeling process and uncertainty between machine learning predictions of landslide susceptibility differ. This article proposes a new "weighted average method" to determine more accurate landslide principal factors. The results indicate that case studies and literature studies have demonstrated the reliability and susceptibility of the RF model.