Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2607
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2607
09 Jan 2024
 | 09 Jan 2024

Vertically resolved aerosol variability at the Amazon Tall Tower Observatory under wet season conditions

Marco A. Franco, Rafael Valiati, Bruna A. Holanda, Bruno B. Meller, Leslie A. Kremper, Luciana V. Rizzo, Samara Carbone, Fernando G. Morais, Janaína P. Nascimento, Meinrat O. Andreae, Micael A. Cecchini, Luiz A. T. Machado, Milena Ponczek, Ulrich Pöschl, David Walter, Christopher Pöhlker, and Paulo Artaxo

Abstract. The wet season atmosphere in the central Amazon resembles natural conditions with minimal anthropogenic influence, making it one of the rare pre-industrial-like continental areas worldwide. Previous long-term studies have analyzed the properties and sources of the natural Amazonian background aerosol. However, the vertical profile of the planetary boundary layer (PBL) has not been assessed systematically. Since 2017, such a profile assessment has been possible with the 325 m high tower at the Amazon Tall Tower Observatory (ATTO), located in a largely untouched primary forest in central Amazonia. This study investigates the variability of submicrometer aerosol concentration, size distribution, and optical properties at 60 and 325 m height in the Amazon PBL. The results show significant differences in aerosol volumes and scattering coefficients in the vertical gradient. The aerosol population was well-mixed throughout the boundary layer during the daytime but became separated upon stratification during nighttime. We also found a significant difference in the spectral dependence of the scattering coefficients between the two heights. The analysis of rainfall and related downdrafts revealed changes in the aerosol populations before and after rain events, with absorption and scattering coefficients decreasing as optically active particles are removed by wet deposition. The recovery of absorption and scattering coefficients is faster at 325 m than at 60 m. Convective events were concomitant with rapid increases in the concentration of sub-50 nm particles, likely associated with downdrafts. We found that the aerosol population near the canopy had a significantly higher mass scattering efficiency than at 325 m. It was also observed a clear spectral dependence, with values for λ = 450, 525 and 635 nm of 7.74±0.12, 5.49±0.11and 4.15±0.11 m2 g−1, respectively, at 60 m, while at 325 m, the values were 5.26±0.06, 3.76±0.05 and 2.46±0.04 m2 g−1, respectively. The equivalent aerosol refractive index results, which were obtained for the first time for the wet season in central Amazon, show a slightly higher scattering (real) component at 60 m compared to 325 m, of 1.33 and 1.27, respectively. In contrast, the refractive index’s absorptive (imaginary) component was identical for both heights, at 0.006. This study shows that the aerosol physical properties at 60 and 325 m height are different, likely due to aging processes, and strongly depend on the photochemistry, PBL dynamics, and aerosol sources. These findings provide valuable insights into the impact of aerosols on climate and radiative balance and can be used to improve the representation of aerosols in global climate models.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
Marco A. Franco, Rafael Valiati, Bruna A. Holanda, Bruno B. Meller, Leslie A. Kremper, Luciana V. Rizzo, Samara Carbone, Fernando G. Morais, Janaína P. Nascimento, Meinrat O. Andreae, Micael A. Cecchini, Luiz A. T. Machado, Milena Ponczek, Ulrich Pöschl, David Walter, Christopher Pöhlker, and Paulo Artaxo

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2607', Anonymous Referee #1, 27 Mar 2024
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Marco Aurélio Franco, 03 Jun 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2607', Anonymous Referee #2, 02 Apr 2024
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Marco Aurélio Franco, 03 Jun 2024

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2607', Anonymous Referee #1, 27 Mar 2024
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Marco Aurélio Franco, 03 Jun 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2607', Anonymous Referee #2, 02 Apr 2024
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Marco Aurélio Franco, 03 Jun 2024
Marco A. Franco, Rafael Valiati, Bruna A. Holanda, Bruno B. Meller, Leslie A. Kremper, Luciana V. Rizzo, Samara Carbone, Fernando G. Morais, Janaína P. Nascimento, Meinrat O. Andreae, Micael A. Cecchini, Luiz A. T. Machado, Milena Ponczek, Ulrich Pöschl, David Walter, Christopher Pöhlker, and Paulo Artaxo
Marco A. Franco, Rafael Valiati, Bruna A. Holanda, Bruno B. Meller, Leslie A. Kremper, Luciana V. Rizzo, Samara Carbone, Fernando G. Morais, Janaína P. Nascimento, Meinrat O. Andreae, Micael A. Cecchini, Luiz A. T. Machado, Milena Ponczek, Ulrich Pöschl, David Walter, Christopher Pöhlker, and Paulo Artaxo

Viewed

Total article views: 495 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total Supplement BibTeX EndNote
353 121 21 495 44 12 16
  • HTML: 353
  • PDF: 121
  • XML: 21
  • Total: 495
  • Supplement: 44
  • BibTeX: 12
  • EndNote: 16
Views and downloads (calculated since 09 Jan 2024)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 09 Jan 2024)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 488 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 488 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Latest update: 15 Jul 2024
Download
Short summary
The Amazon wet season atmosphere was studied at the Amazon Tall Tower Observatory site, revealing vertical variations (between 60 and 325 m height) in natural aerosols. Daytime mixing contrasted with nighttime stratification, with distinct rain-induced changes in aerosol populations. Notably, optical properties recovery at higher levels was faster, while near-canopy aerosols showed higher scattering efficiency. These findings enhance our understanding of aerosol impacts on climate dynamics.