Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2230
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2230
22 Jan 2024
 | 22 Jan 2024
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).

Measurement report: Vertical and temporal variability of near-surface ozone production rate and sensitivity in an urban area in Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, China

Jun Zhou, Chunsheng Zhang, Aiming Liu, Bin Yuan, Yan Wang, Wenjie Wang, Jie-Ping Zhou, Yixin Hao, Xiao-Bing Li, Xianjun He, Xin Song, Yubin Chen, Suxia Yang, Shuchun Yang, Yanfeng Wu, Bin Jiang, Shan Huang, Junwen Liu, Jipeng Qi, Minhui Deng, Yibo Huangfu, and Min Shao

Abstract. Understanding the near-ground vertical and temporal photochemical O3 formation mechanism is important to mitigate the O3 pollution. Here, we measured the vertical profiles of O3 and its precursors at six different heights from 5-335 m using a newly built vertical observation system in Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, China. The net photochemical ozone production rate (P(O3)net) and O3 formation sensitivities at various heights were diagnosed using an observation-based model coupled with the Master Chemical Mechanism (MCM v3.3.1). Moreover, for the assessment of model performance and the causative factors behind O3 pollution episodes, the net photochemical ozone production rate (P(O3)net) was measured at 5 m ground level utilizing a custom-built detection system. In total three O3 pollution episodes and two non-episodes were captured. The identified O3 pollution episodes were found to be jointly influenced by both photochemical production and physical transport, with local photochemical reactions play a dominate role. The high index of agreement (IOA) calculated from comparing the modelled and measured P(O3)net values indicated the rationality to investigate the vertical and temporal variability of O3 formation mechanism using modelling results. However, the measured P(O3)net values were generally higher than the modelled P(O3)net values, particularly under high NOx conditions, which may indicate a potential underestimation of total RO2 by the model. Throughout the measurement period, the contribution of different reaction pathways to O3 production remained consistent across various heights, with HO2+NO as the major O3 production pathway, followed by RO2+NO. We saw P(O3)net decreased with the increase of the measurement height, primarily attributed to the decreased O3 precursors anthropogenic organic compounds (AVOC) and oxygenated volatile organic compounds (OVOC). O3 formation regimes were similar at different heights during both episodes and non-episodes, which was located either in volatile organic compounds (VOCs) sensitive regime or in transition regime and more sensitive to VOCs. Diurnally, photochemical O3 formation typically remained in the VOCs sensitive regime during the morning and noon time, but in the transitional regime and more sensitive to VOCs in the afternoon at around 16:00 LT. The vertical and temporal O3 formation are most sensitive to AVOC and OVOC, which suggests that targeting VOCs, especially AVOC and OVOC, for control measures is more practical and feasible at the observation site. The vertical temporal analysis of O3 formation mechanisms near the ground surface in this study provides critical foundational knowledge for formulating effective short-term emergency and long-term strategies to combat O3 pollution in the PRD region of China.

Jun Zhou, Chunsheng Zhang, Aiming Liu, Bin Yuan, Yan Wang, Wenjie Wang, Jie-Ping Zhou, Yixin Hao, Xiao-Bing Li, Xianjun He, Xin Song, Yubin Chen, Suxia Yang, Shuchun Yang, Yanfeng Wu, Bin Jiang, Shan Huang, Junwen Liu, Jipeng Qi, Minhui Deng, Yibo Huangfu, and Min Shao

Status: open (until 04 Mar 2024)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2230', Anonymous Referee #3, 11 Feb 2024 reply
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2230', Anonymous Referee #1, 12 Feb 2024 reply
  • RC3: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2230', Anonymous Referee #2, 19 Feb 2024 reply
Jun Zhou, Chunsheng Zhang, Aiming Liu, Bin Yuan, Yan Wang, Wenjie Wang, Jie-Ping Zhou, Yixin Hao, Xiao-Bing Li, Xianjun He, Xin Song, Yubin Chen, Suxia Yang, Shuchun Yang, Yanfeng Wu, Bin Jiang, Shan Huang, Junwen Liu, Jipeng Qi, Minhui Deng, Yibo Huangfu, and Min Shao

Data sets

Measurement report: Vertical and temporal variability of near-surface ozone production rate and sensitivity in an urban area in Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, China Jun Zhou and Bin Yuan https://zenodo.org/records/10473104

Jun Zhou, Chunsheng Zhang, Aiming Liu, Bin Yuan, Yan Wang, Wenjie Wang, Jie-Ping Zhou, Yixin Hao, Xiao-Bing Li, Xianjun He, Xin Song, Yubin Chen, Suxia Yang, Shuchun Yang, Yanfeng Wu, Bin Jiang, Shan Huang, Junwen Liu, Jipeng Qi, Minhui Deng, Yibo Huangfu, and Min Shao

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Short summary
In-depth understanding of near-ground vertical and temporal photochemical ozone (O3) formation is crucial for mitigating O3 pollution. By utilizing a self-built vertical observation system, a direct net photochemical O3 production rate detection system, and an observation-based model, we have diagnosed the vertical distributions and formation mechanism of net photochemical O3 production rates and sensitivity in Pearl River Delta region, one of the most O3 polluted area in China.