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https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-910
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-910
11 May 2023
 | 11 May 2023

SAO, AO, QBO, and Long-term trend of the peak OH airglow emission

Sheng-Yang Gu, Dong Wang, Liang Tang, and Yafei Wei

Abstract. Based on the volume emission rate of the OH airglow observed by TIMED/SABER, we fitted the peak emission rate and the peak height of the OH airglow and analyzed the seasonal and interannual variations of both. The results show similar latitudinal variations in the semiannual oscillation (SAO) and annual oscillation (AO) of peak emission rate and peak height: the amplitude of SAO is greatest in equatorial regions and AO is greatest in mid-latitudes. For interannual variations, we find that OH airglow emission in equatorial regions is modulated by the quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO), while the QBO signal at other latitudes is much weaker than in equatorial regions and can be ignored. The QBO in OH airglow is consistent with the phase variation of the QBO in the tropical lower stratosphere (30 km), which is also consistent with the phase variation of the QBO in the migrating diurnal tide. As an important kinetic process affecting OH airglow emission, we suggest that the tides play an important role in the modulation of the OH airglow by the QBO. In addition, we have analyzed the relationship between peak OH airglow emission and solar activity. The results show a good correlation between peak emission rate and solar activity, with a correlation coefficient of 0.89, while peak height shows no significant solar cycle variation, with a correlation coefficient of −0.66. The modulation of peak emission rate by solar activity has significant latitudinal variation. The modulation effect is weakest in the equatorial region and greatest at mid-latitudes in both hemispheres.

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Sheng-Yang Gu, Dong Wang, Liang Tang, and Yafei Wei

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-910', Anonymous Referee #1, 02 Jun 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-910', Anonymous Referee #2, 07 Jun 2023

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-910', Anonymous Referee #1, 02 Jun 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-910', Anonymous Referee #2, 07 Jun 2023
Sheng-Yang Gu, Dong Wang, Liang Tang, and Yafei Wei
Sheng-Yang Gu, Dong Wang, Liang Tang, and Yafei Wei

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Short summary
Based on SABER observations, the seasonal and interannual variability of the peak emission rate and height of OH airglow is analyzed. The results show that the latitudinal variations of the semi-annual oscillation (SAO) and annual oscillation (AO) of peak emission rates and heights are similar. In addition, we find that the OH airglow emission is modulated by the quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) in the equatorial region and solar activity.