27 Apr 2023
 | 27 Apr 2023
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Review article: current approaches and critical issues in multi-risk recovery planning of urban areas exposed to natural hazards

Soheil Mohammadi, Silvia De Angeli, Giorgio Boni, Francesca Pirlone, and Serena Cattari

Abstract. Natural hazard disasters recovery has been addressed in the literature by different sectoral perspectives and scientific communities. Nevertheless, studies providing holistic approaches to recovery, integrating reconstruction procedures and socio-economic impacts, are still lacking. Furthermore, recovery has been only marginally explored from a pre-disaster perspective, in terms of planning and actions for better recovery before disasters occur.

This paper provides a critical review of existing literature and guidelines on disaster recovery with the twofold aim of identifying current gaps and providing the layout to address multi-hazard recovery planning tools for decision-making. Disaster recovery literature is investigated in the paper by focusing on: the definition of the recovery phase and its separation or overlapping with other disaster risk management phases; the different destinations and goals that an urban system follows through recovery pathways; the requirements to implement a holistic resilience-based recovery roadmap; the challenges for shifting from single hazard to multi-hazard recovery approaches; the available recovery planning tools for optimal investment decision-making to increase physical assets resilience. Finally, the current challenges in multi-risk recovery planning are discussed.

This review can be a ground basis for new research directions to help stakeholders in decision-making and optimise their pre-disaster investments to improve the urban system's recoverability.

Soheil Mohammadi et al.

Status: open (until 17 Jun 2023)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-504', Carolina Ojeda, 19 May 2023 reply
    • AC1: 'Reply on CC1', Soheil Mohammadi, 24 May 2023 reply
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-504', Marleen de Ruiter, 06 Jun 2023 reply

Soheil Mohammadi et al.

Soheil Mohammadi et al.


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Short summary
This paper critically reviews disaster recovery literature to provide a basis to develop multi-hazard recovery planning tools for decision-making. Identified key challenges encompass the lack of approaches integrating physical reconstruction and socio-economic recovery, the neglect of multi-risk interactions, the limited exploration of recovery from a pre-disaster planning perspective, low consideration of disaster recovery as a non-linear process in which communities need change over time.