07 Feb 2023
 | 07 Feb 2023
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Fluid Conduits and Shallow Reservoir Structure Defined by Geoelectrical Tomography at the Nirano Salse (Italy)

Gerardo Romano, Marco Antonellini, Domenico Patella, Agata Siniscalchi, Andrea Tallarico, Simona Tripaldi, and Antonello Piombo

Abstract. Mud volcanoes are fluid escape structures allowing for surface venting of hydrocarbons (mostly gas but also liquid condensates and oils) and water/sediment slurries. For a better understanding of Mud volcanoes dynamics, the characterization of the fluid dynamics within mud volcanoes conduits, the presence, extent, and depth of the fluid reservoirs as well as the connection among aquifers, conduits, and mud reservoirs play a key role. To this aim, we performed a geoelectrical survey in the Regional Nature Reserve of the Nirano Salse, located at the edge of the Northern Apennines (Fiorano Modenese, Italy), an area characterized by several active mud fluid vents. This study, for the first time, images the resistivity structure of the subsoil along two perpendicular cross sections down to a depth of 250 m. The electrical models show a clear difference between the Northern and Southern sectors of the area, where the last hosts the main discontinuities. Shallow reservoirs, where fluids muds accumulate are spatially associate to the main fault/fracture controlling the migration routes associated with surface venting and converge at depth towards a common clayey horizon. There is no evidence of a shallow mud caldera below the Nirano area. These findings represent a step forward in the comprehension of the Nirano Salse plumbing system and in pinpointing local site hazards, which promotes safer tourist access to the area along restricted routes.

Gerardo Romano et al.

Status: open (extended)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-38', Anonymous Referee #1, 08 Mar 2023 reply
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Agata Siniscalchi, 21 Mar 2023 reply

Gerardo Romano et al.

Gerardo Romano et al.


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Short summary
The Nirano Salse (Northern Apennines, Italy) is characterized by several active mud vents with thousands of visitors every year. New resistivity models describe the area down to 250 m giving improvement of the geostructural knowledge of the area and useful hints for a better understanding of mud volcanoes dynamics and to better planning of safer tourist access to the area.