01 Nov 2023
 | 01 Nov 2023
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

High-precision 1′×1′ bathymetric model of Philippine Sea inversed from marine gravity anomalies

Dechao An, Jinyun Guo, Xiaotao Chang, Zhenming Wang, Yongjun Jia, Xin Liu, Valery Bondur, and Heping Sun

Abstract. The Philippine Sea, located at the edge of the Northwest Pacific Ocean, possesses complex seabed topography. Developing a high-precision bathymetric model for this region is of paramount importance as it provides fundamental geoinformation essential for Earth observation and marine scientific research, including plate motion, ocean circulation, and hydrological characteristics. The gravity-geologic method (GGM), based on marine gravity anomalies, serves as an effective bathymetric prediction technique. To further strengthen the prediction accuracy of conventional GGM, we introduce the improved GGM (IGGM). The IGGM considers the effects of regional seafloor topography by employing weighted averaging to more accurately estimate the short-wavelength gravity component, along with refining the subsequent modeling of long-wavelength gravity component. In this paper, we focus on seafloor topography modeling in the Philippine Sea based on the IGGM, combining shipborne bathymetric data with the SIO V32.1 gravity anomaly. To reduce computational complexity, the optimal parameter values required for IGGM are first calculated before the overall regional calculation, and then, based on the terrain characteristics and distribution of sounding data, we selected four representative local sea areas as the research objects to construct the corresponding bathymetric models using GGM and IGGM. The analysis indicates that the precisions of the IGGM models in four regions are improved to varying degrees, and the optimal calculation radius is 2′. Based on the above finding, a high-precision 1'×1' bathymetric model of the Philippine Sea (5° N–35° N, 120° E–150° E), known as the BAT_PS model, is constructed using IGGM. Results demonstrate that the BAT_PS model exhibits a higher overall precision compared to GEBCO, topo_25.1, and DTU18 models at single-beam shipborne bathymetric points.

Dechao An et al.

Status: open (until 12 Jan 2024)

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Dechao An et al.

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High-precision 1′×1′ bathymetric model of Philippine Sea inversed from marine gravity anomalies Dechao An

Dechao An et al.


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Short summary
Seafloor topography, as fundamental geoinformation in marine surveying and mapping, plays a crucial role in numerous scientific studies. In this paper, we focus on constructing a high-precision seafloor topography/bathymetry model for the Philippine Sea (5° N–35° N, 120° E–150° E) based on shipborne bathymetric data and marine gravity anomalies, and evaluate the reliability of the model's accuracy.