Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2068
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-2068
19 Sep 2023
 | 19 Sep 2023

Investigation of historical severe storms and storm tides in the German Bight with century reanalysis data

Elke Magda Inge Meyer and Lidia Gaslikova

Abstract. Century reanalysis models offer a possibility to investigate extreme events and gain further insights into their impact through numerical experiments. In this paper, we investigate whether the atmospheric data from the reanalysis models are suitable for simulating historical severe storm tides in the North Sea and whether higher storm tides could have occurred considering different tidal phases. In general, storm tides could be reproduced, and some individual ensemble members are suitable for the reconstruction of respective storm tides. However, the highest observed water level in the German Bight (southern eastern North Sea) could not be simulated with sufficient accuracy. Storms with northerly tracks show less variability in wind speed and a better agreement with the observed water level for the German Bight. The impact of two severe historical storms that peaked at low tide is investigated with shifted tides, resulting in dangerously high water levels only at Husum in the eastern German Bight.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.

Journal article(s) based on this preprint

14 Feb 2024
Investigation of historical severe storms and storm tides in the German Bight with century reanalysis data
Elke Magda Inge Meyer and Lidia Gaslikova
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 481–499, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-24-481-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-24-481-2024, 2024
Short summary
Elke Magda Inge Meyer and Lidia Gaslikova

Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2068', Anonymous Referee #1, 13 Oct 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2068', Anonymous Referee #2, 23 Oct 2023
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Elke Meyer, 13 Dec 2023
  • CC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2068', Chu-En Hsu, 27 Oct 2023
    • AC3: 'Reply on CC1', Elke Meyer, 13 Dec 2023

Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2068', Anonymous Referee #1, 13 Oct 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2068', Anonymous Referee #2, 23 Oct 2023
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Elke Meyer, 13 Dec 2023
  • CC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-2068', Chu-En Hsu, 27 Oct 2023
    • AC3: 'Reply on CC1', Elke Meyer, 13 Dec 2023

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision | EF: Editorial file upload
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (13 Dec 2023) by Francesco Marra
AR by Elke Meyer on behalf of the Authors (15 Dec 2023)  Author's response   Author's tracked changes   Manuscript 
ED: Publish as is (16 Dec 2023) by Francesco Marra
ED: Publish as is (22 Dec 2023) by Paolo Tarolli (Executive editor)
AR by Elke Meyer on behalf of the Authors (30 Dec 2023)

Journal article(s) based on this preprint

14 Feb 2024
Investigation of historical severe storms and storm tides in the German Bight with century reanalysis data
Elke Magda Inge Meyer and Lidia Gaslikova
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 481–499, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-24-481-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-24-481-2024, 2024
Short summary
Elke Magda Inge Meyer and Lidia Gaslikova
Elke Magda Inge Meyer and Lidia Gaslikova

Viewed

Total article views: 399 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
301 77 21 399 9 9
  • HTML: 301
  • PDF: 77
  • XML: 21
  • Total: 399
  • BibTeX: 9
  • EndNote: 9
Views and downloads (calculated since 19 Sep 2023)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 19 Sep 2023)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 388 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 388 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Latest update: 07 May 2024
Download

The requested preprint has a corresponding peer-reviewed final revised paper. You are encouraged to refer to the final revised version.

Short summary
Storm tides for eight extreme historical storms in the German Bight are modelled using sets of slightly varying atmospheric conditions from the century reanalyses. Comparisons with the water level observations from the gauges Norderney, Cuxhaven and Husum show that single members of the reanalyses are suitable for the reconstruction of extreme storms. Storms with more northerly tracks show less variability within a set and have more potential for accurate reconstruction of extreme water levels.