13 Sep 2023
 | 13 Sep 2023
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Quantification of Magnetosphere – Ionosphere coupling timescales using mutual information: response of terrestrial radio emissions and ionospheric/magnetospheric currents

Alexandra Ruth Fogg, Caitriona M. Jackman, Sandra C. Chapman, James E. Waters, Aisling Bergin, Laurent Lamy, Karine Issautier, Baptiste Cecconi, and Xavier Bonnin

Abstract. Auroral kilometric radiation (AKR) is a terrestrial radio emission, excited by the same accelerated electrons which excite auroral emissions. Although it is well correlated with auroral and geomagnetic activity, the coupling timescales between AKR and different magnetospheric/ionospheric regions are yet to be determined. Estimation of these coupling timescales is non-trivial as a result of complex, non-linear processes which rarely occur in isolation. In this study, the mutual information between AKR intensity and different geomagnetic indices is used to assess the correlation between variables. Indices are shifted to different temporal lags relative to AKR intensity, and the lag at which the variables have the greatest shared information is found. This lag is interpreted as the coupling timescale. The AKR source region receives the effects of a shared driver before the auroral ionosphere. Conversely, the polar ionosphere reacts to a shared driver before the AKR source region. Bow shock IMF BZ is excited about an hour before AKR enhancements.

Alexandra Ruth Fogg et al.

Status: open (until 09 Nov 2023)

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Alexandra Ruth Fogg et al.

Alexandra Ruth Fogg et al.


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Short summary
Auroral kilometric radiation (AKR) is a radio emission emitted by the Earth. Due to the complex mixture of phenomena in the magnetosphere, it is tricky to estimate the time difference between the excitation of two systems. In this study, AKR is compared with indices describing the Earth's system. Time differences between the excitation of AKR and the indices are estimated, using mutual information. AKR feels an enhancement before the aurora, but after more polar latitude features.