14 Jul 2023
 | 14 Jul 2023

New Insights From The Jülich Ozone-Sonde Intercomparison Experiments: Calibration Functions Traceable To One Ozone Reference Instrument

Herman G.J. Smit, Deniz Poyraz, Roeland Van Malderen, Anne M. Thompson, David W. Tarasick, Ryan M. Stauffer, Bryan J. Johnson, and Debra E. Kollonige

Abstract. Although in principle the ECC (Electrochemical Concentration Cell) ozonesonde is an absolute measuring device, in practice it has several “artefacts” which change over the course of a flight. Most of the artefacts have been corrected in the recommendations of the Assessment of Standard Operating Procedures for Ozone Sondes Report (GAW Report No. 268), giving an overall uncertainty of 5–10 % throughout the profile. However, the conversion of sampled ozone into the measured cell current has not been fully quantified, resulting in time-varying background current and pump efficiencies. We describe an updated methodology for ECC sonde data processing that is based on JOSIE 2009/2010 and JOSIE 2017-SHADOZ test chamber data. The stoichiometry (O3/I2) factors and their uncertainties along with the fast and the slow reaction pathways for the different sensing solution types used in the global ozonesonde network are determined. Experimental evidence is given for treating the background current of the ECC-sensor as the superposition of a constant ozone independent component (IB0, measured before ozone exposure in the sonde preparation protocol) and a slow time-variant ozone-dependent current determined from the initial measured ozone current using a first-order numerical convolution. The fast sensor current is refined using the time response determined in sonde preparation with a first order deconvolution scheme. Practical procedures for initializing the numerical deconvolution and convolution schemes to determine the slow and fast ECC currents are given. Calibration functions for specific ozonesondes and sensing solution type combinations were determined by comparing JOSIE 2009/2010 and JOSIE-2017-SHADOZ profiles with the JOSIE ozone reference UV-photometer (OPM). With fast and slow currents resolved and the new calibration functions, a full uncertainty budget is obtained. The time responses correction methodology makes every ozonesonde record traceable to one standard, i.e. the OPM of JOSIE, enabling the goal of a 5 % relative uncertainty to be met throughout the global ozone network.

Herman G.J. Smit et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Important paper on improved processing for ECC ozone sondes', Anonymous Referee #1, 30 Jul 2023
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Herman G.J. Smit, 16 Sep 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2023-1466', Anonymous Referee #2, 06 Aug 2023
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Herman G.J. Smit, 16 Sep 2023

Herman G.J. Smit et al.

Herman G.J. Smit et al.


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Short summary
This paper revisits fundamentals of ECC ozonesonde measurements to develop and characterize a methodology to correct for the fast and slow time responses using the JOSIE (Jülich Ozone Sonde Intercomparison Experiment) simulation chamber data. Comparing the new corrected ozonesonde profiles to an accurate ozone UV-photometer (OPM) as reference, allows us to evaluate the time responses correction (TRC) method and to determine calibration functions traceable to one reference with 5 % uncertainty.