Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2022-709
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2022-709
10 Aug 2022
 | 10 Aug 2022

River incision, 10Be production and transport in a source-to-sink sediment system (Var catchment, SW Alps)

Carole Petit, Tristan Salles, Vincent Godard, Yann Rolland, and Laurence Audin

Abstract. Detrital 10Be from continental river sands or submarine sediments has been extensively used to determine the average long-term denudation rates of aerial catchments, based on the assumption that the rate of cosmonuclide production by interaction of source rocks with cosmic radiations balances out the loss of these elements by surface denudation. However, the 10Be signal of in-situ produced sediments may be altered by the response time of mountainous catchments to high-frequency forcings; besides, transient sediment storage in piedmonts, alluvial plains, lakes or near the coast may also induce a difference between the erosive signal and its record in the sedimentary sink. Consequently, a significant part of the signal recorded in shallow-water sediments can be lost, as deep marine sediments may record simultaneously a signal coming from newly eroded source rocks along with one coming from the destabilization of previously deposited sediments.

In this paper, we use the Surface Process Model Badlands to simulate erosion, deposition and detrital 10Be transfer from a source-to-sink sedimentary system (the Var River catchment, Southern French Alps) over the last 100 kyr. We first compare real denudation rates with the ones that would be extracted from in-situ produced sediments and from off-shore deposited sediments over time in order to examine how the 10Be record in sediments provides an accurate estimate of continental denudation rates. Then, we examine which conditions (precipitation rate, flexure, ice cover) permit to satisfy published measured river incision rates and 10Be concentration in submarine sediments.

Our results, based on the Var catchment cosmic ray exposure dating and modelling indicate that, while river sands do accurately estimate the average denudation rate of continental catchments, it is much less the case for submarine deep sea sediments. We found that deep sea sediments have a different, and often much noisier 10Be signature than continental ones, and record a significant time lag with respect to actual precipitation rate changes, representing the geomorphological response of the submarine margin. The model which best fits both measured 10Be concentration in marine sediments and river incision rates on-land involves an increase in precipitation rates from 0.3 to 0.7 m.yr-1 after 20 ka, hence suggesting more intense precipitations starting at the end of the Last Glacial Maximum.

Journal article(s) based on this preprint

21 Mar 2023
River incision, 10Be production and transport in a source-to-sink sediment system (Var catchment, SW Alps)
Carole Petit, Tristan Salles, Vincent Godard, Yann Rolland, and Laurence Audin
Earth Surf. Dynam., 11, 183–201, https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-11-183-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-11-183-2023, 2023
Short summary

Carole Petit et al.

Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-709', Sebastien Carretier, 26 Sep 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-709', Yanyan Wang, 06 Oct 2022
  • AC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-709', Carole Petit, 22 Nov 2022

Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-709', Sebastien Carretier, 26 Sep 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-709', Yanyan Wang, 06 Oct 2022
  • AC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-709', Carole Petit, 22 Nov 2022

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision | EF: Editorial file upload
AR by Carole Petit on behalf of the Authors (25 Nov 2022)  Author's response   Author's tracked changes   Manuscript 
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (28 Nov 2022) by Simon Mudd
RR by Yanyan Wang (13 Dec 2022)
RR by Sebastien Carretier (20 Dec 2022)
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (30 Jan 2023) by Simon Mudd
AR by Carole Petit on behalf of the Authors (02 Feb 2023)  Author's response   Author's tracked changes   Manuscript 
ED: Publish as is (02 Feb 2023) by Simon Mudd
ED: Publish as is (19 Feb 2023) by Andreas Lang(Editor)
AR by Carole Petit on behalf of the Authors (27 Feb 2023)  Author's response   Manuscript 

Journal article(s) based on this preprint

21 Mar 2023
River incision, 10Be production and transport in a source-to-sink sediment system (Var catchment, SW Alps)
Carole Petit, Tristan Salles, Vincent Godard, Yann Rolland, and Laurence Audin
Earth Surf. Dynam., 11, 183–201, https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-11-183-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-11-183-2023, 2023
Short summary

Carole Petit et al.

Carole Petit et al.

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The requested preprint has a corresponding peer-reviewed final revised paper. You are encouraged to refer to the final revised version.

Short summary
We present new tools in the Landscape Evolution Model “Badlands” to simulate 10Be production, erosion and transport. These tools are applied to a source-to-sink system in the SW French Alps where the model is calibrated. We propose a model that fits river incision rates and 10Be concentrations in sediments, and we show that 10Be in marine sediments is a signal with multiple contributions that cannot be easily interpreted.