Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2022-635
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2022-635
 
18 Jul 2022
18 Jul 2022
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

A Numerical Study of Near Inertial Motions in Mid-Atlantic Bight Area Induced by Hurricane Irene (2011)

Peida Han1 and Xiping Yu2 Peida Han and Xiping Yu
  • 1Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
  • 2Department of Ocean Science and Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, China

Abstract. Hurricane Irene generated strong near inertial currents (NICs) in the ocean waters when passing over the Mid-Atlantic Bight (MAB) of the U. S. East Coast in late August 2011. It is demonstrated that a combination of the valuable field data with detailed model results can be exploited to study the development and decay mechanism of this event. Numerical results obtained with regional oceanic modeling system (ROMS) are shown to agree well with the field data. Both computed and observed results show that the NICs were significant in most areas of the MAB region except in the nearshore area where the stratification was totally destroyed by the hurricane-induced strong mixing. Based on the energy budget, it is clarified that the near inertial kinetic energy (NIKE) was mainly gained from the wind power during the hurricane event. In the deep water region, NIKE was basically balanced by the vertical turbulence diffusion (40 %) and downward divergence (33 %). While in the continental shelf region, NIKE was mainly dissipated by the vertical turbulence diffusion (67 %) and partially by the bottom friction (24 %). Local dissipation of NIKE due to turbulence diffusion is much more closely related to the rate of the vertical shear rather than the intensity of turbulence. The strong vertical shear at the offshore side of the continental shelf leaded to a rapid dissipation of NIKE in this region.

Peida Han and Xiping Yu

Status: open (until 16 Sep 2022)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-635', Anonymous Referee #1, 15 Aug 2022 reply
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-635', Anonymous Referee #2, 18 Aug 2022 reply

Peida Han and Xiping Yu

Peida Han and Xiping Yu

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Short summary
Hurricane Irene generated strong near inertial currents in the ocean waters when passing over the Mid-Atlantic Bight of the U. S. East Coast in late August 2011. It is demonstrated that a combination of the valuable field data with detailed model results can be exploited to study the development and decay mechanism of this event. The near inertial kinetic energy is shown to mainly gained from the wind power during the hurricane event. Its decay, however, depends on several factors.